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Saanich Language (Samish, Lummi, North Straits Salish)

There were originally several dialects of Northern Straits Salish, including Saanich, Samish, Songish, Sooke, Semiahmoo, and Lummi, all of which were similar enough that a speaker of one could understand a speaker of another. Straits Salish is a Salishan language of British Columbia and Washington state, most closely related to Klallam. Today, only a few dozen native speakers of the Saanich dialect of Straits Salish remain, although there are still partially fluent speakers of Lummi and Samish.

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Saanich Language
Saanich language samples and resources.

Straits Salish Culture and History
Information and links about the Straits Salish tribes past and present.

Saanich Indian Legends
Introduction to Straits Salish mythology.

Straits Salish Language Resources

Our Straits Salish Language Materials

Saanich Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in Saanich, Samish, and Lummi, with comparison to words in other Salishan languages.

Straits Salish Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Saanich Language
     Online dictionary and a linguistic dissertation on Saanich.
The Northern Straits Salish Language
     Profile and linguistic bibliography of Lummi, Saanich, and Samish from the Yinka Dene Language Institute.
     Saanich language orthography and text example.
Saanich Alphabet:
    Phonological inventory of Saanich, with a sample text.
Salish Placenames:
     Pacific Northwest place names in Straits Salish, Lushootseed, Shuswap, Nuxalk, Spokane, and Coeur d'Alene.
Straits Salish
     Demographic information about the Saanich-Samish-Lummi language from the Ethnologue of Languages.
First Nations Language Groups at the Time of European Contact:
    Linguistic map of Canada showing where Songish and other Salishan languages have been spoken.
Saanich Language Tree * Songhees Language Tree * Sooke Language Tree * Semiahmoo Language Tree
    Samish Language Tree * Lummi Language Tree * Northern Straits Language Tree:
    Theories about Abenaki's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Straits Salish Language * Saanich Language Structures * Samish Language Structures: * Lummi Language Structures:
    Straits Salish linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
Canadian Human Rights Tribute: Saanich:
    Plaque written in the Saanich Indian language.
*Coast Salish Comparative Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of Lummi and other Salishan languages.
*Language and Dialect Variation in Straits Salish: * Attributive Constructions in Saanich: * Songish Text Reconstruction:
    Academic papers on the Saanich language by linguist Timothy Montler.

Straits Salish Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Saanich Classified Word List * Phonology, Morphology, and Word List for the Samish Dialect of Straits Salish
     Linguistics books on Northern Straits Salish for sale online.
Native American Language Dictionaries:
    Saanich and other American Indian dictionaries and language materials for sale.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

North Straits Salish Language:
Encyclopedia articles on Aguaruna.
Lengua Sooke-Songhese-Saanich:
Information about the Northern Straits language in Spanish.
Saanich language links.
Learning Straits Salish:
Bibliography of Saanich language learning resources.

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