Native American Languages
Native American Cultures
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Native Languages of the Americas:
Shawnee (Shawano, Savannah, Sewanee)
Language: Shawnee is an Algonquian language spoken by 200 people in
Oklahoma. It is most closely related to the Sauk-Fox and
Kickapoo languages. Shawnee is a polysynthetic language with
complex verb morphology and fairly free word order.
People: Originally from the Ohio-Pennsylvania area, the Shawnee tribe was migratory, with villages scattered from Illinois to New York state
and as far south as Georgia. They were rounded up and sent to Oklahoma by the US government in the nineteenth century, where 14,000 Shawnee Indians still
History: Kinfolk of the Lenape (whom they addressed as "grandfather"), the Shawnee tribe
frequently moved from place to place, both willingly and under duress from Iroquois and colonial
assailants. In the early 1800's, the Shawnee leader Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa tried to unite the eastern tribes under the banner of pan-Indian unity.
When this alliance was broken up by the Americans, the Shawnees were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma. They still live there today, in three distinct communities.
Shawnee Language Resources
Shawnee language samples, articles, and indexed links.
Shawnee Culture and History Directory
Related links about the Shawnee tribe past and present.
Shawnee Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to frequently asked questions about the Shawnee Indians, their language and culture.
Introduction to Shawnee Indian mythology.
Our Online Shawnee Language Materials
List of vocabulary words in Shawnee, with comparison to words in other Algonquian languages.
Shawnee Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Shawnee Indian words.
Shawnee Animal Words:
Picture glossary of animal words in the Shawnee language.
Shawnee Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Shawnee.
Worksheet showing Shawnee color words.
Shawnee Animate Nouns:
Lesson on Shawnee animate and inanimate nouns.
Lesson on Shawnee possessive prefixes.
Shawnee Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Cummings' Vocabulary of Shawnee Denny's Vocabulary of Shawnee Ridout's Vocabulary of Shawnee:
Three Shawnee dictionaries for sale.
American Indian Dictionaries:
Shawnee and other Native American dictionaries.
Shawnee Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Shawnee pronunciation, orthography, and wordlists.
Numbers, sentences, and the Lord's Prayer in Shawnee.
Shawnee Language, Alphabet and Pronunciation:
Phonological inventory of Shawnee, with a sample text.
Shawnee Indian Language Shawnee Orthography:
Scanned-in Shawnee language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Vocabularies of the Shawanoese and Wyandott Languages:
Shawnee and Wyandot wordlists, compiled and introduced by a 19th century Indian advocate.
Shawnee translations of Christian prayers.
House of Languages: Shawnee:
Information about Shawnee language usage.
Demographic information about Shawnee from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Shawnee Language Tree:
Theories about Shawnee's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Shawnee Language Structures:
Shawnee linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Shawnee Proper Names
Compendium of hundreds of 18th-century Shawnee Indian names.
Indian Animal Names:
Offering names for dogs and horses in Native American languages (including Shawnee).
Additional Resources, Links, and References
La Lengua Shawnee:
Article on the Shawnee language in Spanish. With a language map.
Shawnee Indian books.
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