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Taino Indian Language

Taino is an Arawakan language of the Caribbean, originally spoken in what is now Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and the Bahamas. Today there are two Taino languages: the original Taino tongue--which, though not spoken as a first language today, is being taught to Taino children in an active language revival program--and a unique Spanish-Taino creole, spoken by many Taino people, using Spanish grammar but with half of its vocabulary words Taino in origin. As with many creoles, monolingual Spanish speakers cannot understand this new Taino-Spanish language at all.

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Taino Language Resources

Taino Words
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Taino language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Dictionary of the Taino Language
     Online Taino dictionary with translations in English and Spanish.
     Taino language information from Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean.
The Origin and Survival of Taino
     A good article on the creolization of Taino and the Taino contributions to Caribbean Spanish dialects.
Taíno Vocabulary in Puerto Rico
     List of Taino loanwords used in Puerto Rican Spanish, with their meanings.
Dominican Taino Words
     List of Taino loanwords used in the Dominican Republic, with their meanings.
Freelang Taino Dictionary:
    Free downloadable wordlist of the Taino language.
Taino Prayers:
    Taino translation of the Lord's Prayer.
Taino Language
     Demographic information about Taino from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Taino Language Tree:
    Theories about Taino's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Wikipedia: Taino:
    Encylopedia article about the Taino language.
Diccionario Taino * La Lenguaje Taino
     Taino language information in Spanish.
Languages Of The Pre-Columbian Antilles
     A nice overview of Taino and other Arawakan and native Caribbean languages.
Diccionario Taino Ilustrado
     Taino dictionary for sale, also with lots of linguistic information about the Taino language.
     (Ignore the claim that this book is in Arabic; it is written in Spanish!)
Comparative Arawakan Histories
    Interesting book about the history and culture of the Taino and other Arawak speaking tribes.

Taino Culture and History Links

Ciboneyes, Lucayos and Tainos * Languages of the Caribbean * Mapa Taino: * Tribes of Cuba: * Antilles Tribes Map:
    Maps showing possible locations of the Tainos and their neighbors in the Caribbean.
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken
     Official homepage of the Taino tribe of Puerto Rico.
Haitian Arawak Movement:
    Homepage of an organization promoting Taino and Arawak heritage on Haiti.
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Band of New Jersey
     Many Puerto Rican Taino people emigrated to New Jersey; the offshoot band there is recognized by the main Jatibonicu tribe.
Taino Tribe
     Article on the history and culture of the Taino Indians.
Arawak Tribe:
    History and culture of the Arawak and Taino Indians.
Arawak/Taino Indians
     Overview of Taino Indian history.
Arawak and Taino Religion and Myths:
    Article on ancient Caribbean traditions and festivals, with pictures of religious artifacts.
Taino Flags:
    Pictures and descriptions of the Taino tribal flag.
Spicy Taino Guanaho (Wild Turkey):
    Traditional Taino recipes.
Taino Tribe Resources:
    Taino links.

Books for sale on the Tainos
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus
     History of the Taino Indians for sale.
Columbus and the Golden World of the Island Arawaks
     An interesting description of the interactions between the Europeans and the Taino Indians.
Taino: Pre-Columbian Art and Culture from the Caribbean
     A gorgeous photographic exhibit of Taino artwork.
Taino Revival
     An interesting sociology book on Taino and Puerto Rican identity today.
The Legend of the Hummingbird:
    Picture book illustrating a Taino Indian legend about the origin of hummingbirds.

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Additional Resources, Links, and References

  Wikipedia: Taino * Britannica: Taino:
  Encyclopedia articles about the Tainos and their language.
  Indigenous Puerto Rico * Indigenous Cuba: * Indigenous Bahamas:
  Information and links about Native American culture in the Caribbean.
   Pueblo Taino: * Lengua Taino:
   Information about the Taino people and their language in Spanish.
  Tainos and Arawaks:
  Taino links.

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