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Tanana Language

There are actually two Tanana languages, Lower Tanana (also called Minto) and Upper Tanana (also called Nabesna). Though they are both Athabaskan languages of Alaska and Northern Canada, they are no more closely related than English and German. Tanana is the name of a long river in Alaska, and the Lower Tanana people live at one end of it, the Upper Tanana people at the other. Upper Tanana is spoken by about 100 people today, and Lower Tanana by 30. Both languages are primarily spoken only by older people, but some young people are working to reverse this trend.

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Tanana Language
Tanana language samples and resources.

Tanana Culture and History
Information and links about the Tanana tribe past and present.

Tanana Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of Tanana Indian people.

Tanana Indian Legends
Introduction to the mythology of the Tanana Indians.

Tanana Language Resources

Our Online Tanana Materials

Tanana Vocabulary:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Tanana language, with comparison to words in other Athabaskan languages.
Tanana Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Lower Tanana words.
Tanana Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Tanana language.
Tanana Colors:
     Worksheet showing color words in the Tanana language.
Tanana Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Tanana language.
Tanana Numbers:
     Worksheet showing how to count in the Tanana language.

Tanana Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Tanana Language Lessons
     Audio storybook and other Tanana language learning resources from the Yukon Native Language Centre.
     Alaskan Athapascan fonts for Windows, including Lower and Upper Tanana and nine other languages.
Tanana Prayers:
    Tanana translation of the Hail Mary Prayer.
Lower Tanana Language: * Upper Tanana Language
    Profiles of the Tanana and their languages from the Alaska Native Language Center.
House of Languages: Upper Tanana
     Information about Upper Tanana language usage.
House of Languages: Lower Tanana:
    Information about Tanana language usage.
Lower Tanana Language * Upper Tanana Language
     Tanana demographic information from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Athapaskan Languages of Alaska
     Place names in Tanana, Ahtna, Koyukon, Gwich'in, and Tanaina.
Tanana Language Tree * Lower Tanana Language Tree * Upper Tanana Language Tree:
    Theories about Abenaki's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Lower Tanana Language Structures:
    Tanana linguistic profile and academic bibliography.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Lower Tanana:
Bibliography of Tanana language resources.
Lengua Tanana Superior:
Information on the Upper Tanana language in Spanish.
Tanana links.
Learning Tanana:
Bibliography of Tanana language learning resources.

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