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Tarahumara Indian Language (Raramuri)

Tarahumara is a Uto-Aztecan language of Mexico. There are more than 60,000 Tarahumara speakers in Mexico, mostly in Chihuahua. There are actually several different dialects of Tarahumara which are so different from each other that it is difficult for speakers of one to understand speakers of the other. For this reason many linguists consider them distinct languages.

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Tarahumara Language
Tarahumara language samples and resources.

Tarahumara Culture and History
Information and links about the Tarahumara tribe past and present.

Tarahumara Language Resources

Our Online Tarahumara Materials

Tarahumara Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Tarahumara language, with comparison to words in other Uto-Aztecan languages.
Tarahumara Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Tarahumara words.
Tarahumara Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Tarahumara language.
Tarahumara Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Tarahumara language.

Tarahumara Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Meso-American Native Languages
     Map showing the areas in Mexico where the Tarahumara language is spoken.
Tarahumara Prayer * Lord's Prayer in Tarahumara Baja * North Tarahumara Prayer * Southeast Tarahumara Prayer:
    Southwest Tarahumara Prayer:
    Translations of Christian prayers into Raramuri dialects.
Language Museum: Tarahumara Baja:
    Bible passage in the Tarahumara Indian language.
Stabilizing Indigenous Languages: The Tarahumara of Mexico
     Article on bilingual education and language preservation among the Tarahumara Indians.
El Tarahumar
     Overview of the Tarahumara language including pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. Page in Spanish.
Central Tarahumara * Northern Tarahumara * Southeastern Tarahumara * Southwestern Tarahumara * Western Tarahumara:
    Demographic information about the Tarahumara languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Central Tarahumara Language Tree * Lowland Tarahumara Language Tree * Northern Tarahumara Language Tree
    Southwest Tarahumara Language Tree * Southeast Tarahumara Language Tree:
    Theories about Raramuri's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Western Tarahumara Language Structures * Eastern Tarahumara Language Structures:
    Tarahumara linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Tarahumara:
Bibliography of Tarahumara language resources.
Lengua Tarahumara:
Information on the Tarahumara language in Spanish.
Tarahumara Language:
Tarahumara links.
Tarahumara Tribe:
Tarahumara Indian books.

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