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Yokuts Indian Language (Yokut, Yokutsan, Tachi, Chukchansi)

The Yokutsan languages are considered by most linguists to be part of the Penutian family of languages, possibly related most closely to Miwok. There were once between twenty and thirty Yokutsan languages spoken throughout the San Joaquin area of Southern California. Language loss in California has been especially severe, however--the legacy of the Gold Rush days, in which massacres and Indian slavery, while technically illegal, were not actively discouraged--and today only three Yokuts languages are still spoken, by only a handful of elders apiece. The three surviving Yokuts languages are generally called Southern Valley Yokuts (with two surviving dialects, Yawelmani/Yowlumni and Tachi); Northern Valley Yokuts (Chukchansi); and Foothill Yokuts (Choinimni.) Although the Yokuts languages are seriously endangered, there are language programs in the Tachi and Chukchansi tribes, and some young Yokuts people are working to keep their ancestral tongue alive.

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Yokuts Language
Yokuts language samples and resources.

Yokuts Culture and History
Information and links about the Yokuts tribe past and present.

Yokuts Legends
Introduction to Yokuts mythology.

Yokuts Language Resources

Our Online Yokuts Materials

Yokuts Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in Chukchansi, Choinimni, and Yowlumne Yokuts, with comparison to words in other Penutian languages.

Yokuts Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

LanguageGeek: Yokuts
     Comparison of sounds in Chawchila, Choynimni, Chukchansi, Dumna, Gashowu, Tachi, Wikchamni and Yawelmani Yokuts.
Chawchila Metathesis
     Linguistics paper on Chawchila Yokuts.
Languages of the Coast of California
     Language map showing the distribution of Yokuts, Salinan, Chumash, and other western California languages.
Linguistic Families of Northern California * Pre-Contact California Tribal Territories:
    Maps showing where in California the Yokuts language is spoken.
Omniglot: Chukchansi:
    Profile of the Chukchansi Yokuts language including a phonological inventory, orthography and a text.
Yokuts Prayer
     The Lord's Prayer in Chukchansi Yokuts.
The Yokuts Language of South Central California
     Scanned-in copy of Kroeber's 1907 linguistics text. A little grainy, but complete.
Yowlumni: The Path to Revitalization * Preserving a Native Tongue * Lessons Bridge Past, Future
     Articles about Yowlumni language preservation efforts.
Yokuts Texts
     Collection of traditional Yokuts stories with English translation.
Yokuts Language
     Demographic information about Yokuts from the Ethnologue of Languages.
*Survey of California Indian Languages: Yokuts:
    Profile of the Yokuts languages from the University of California at Berkeley.
Yaudanchi Language Tree * Yokutsan Language Tree * Valley Yokuts Language Tree
    Buena Vista Yokuts Language Tree * Palewyami Yokuts Language Tree * Wikchamni Language Tree:
    Theories about Yokuts' language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Yaudanchi Yokuts Language Structures: * Yawelmani Language Structures * Wikchamni Language Structures:
    Yokuts linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
*Yokuts Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of Chukchansi.

Yokuts Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Yokuts Texts
     Collection of Yokuts-language legends and stories for sale online.
Yawelmani Phonology
     Yowlumni Yokuts linguistics book for sale.
Flutes of Fire:
    Interesting collection of essays about Achumawi and other California Indian languages.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Wikipedia: Yokutsan Languages:
Encyclopedia articles on the Yokuts languages.
Lengua Yokutsan:
Information on the Yokuts language in Spanish.
Yokut * Tachi Yokut Tribe:
Yokuts links.
Learning Yokuts:
Bibliography of Yokuts language learning resources.

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