American Indian language
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Yokuts Indian Language (Yokut, Yokutsan, Tachi, Chukchansi)
The Yokutsan languages are considered by most linguists to be part of the Penutian family
of languages, possibly related most closely to Miwok.
There were once between twenty and thirty Yokutsan languages spoken throughout the San Joaquin area
of Southern California. Language loss in California has been especially severe, however--the legacy of the Gold Rush days, in which massacres
and Indian slavery, while technically illegal, were not actively discouraged--and today only three Yokuts languages are still spoken, by only a handful
of elders apiece. The three surviving Yokuts languages are generally called Southern Valley Yokuts (with two surviving dialects, Yawelmani/Yowlumni and
Tachi); Northern Valley Yokuts (Chukchansi); and Foothill Yokuts (Choinimni.) Although the Yokuts languages are seriously endangered, there are language
programs in the Tachi and Chukchansi tribes, and some young Yokuts people are working to keep their ancestral tongue alive.
Yokuts language samples and resources.
Yokuts Culture and History
Information and links about the Yokuts tribe past and present.
Introduction to Yokuts mythology.
Our Online Yokuts Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in Chukchansi, Choinimni, and Yowlumne Yokuts, with comparison to words in other Penutian languages.
Yokuts Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Comparison of sounds in Chawchila, Choynimni, Chukchansi, Dumna, Gashowu, Tachi, Wikchamni and Yawelmani Yokuts.
Linguistics paper on Chawchila Yokuts.
Languages of the Coast of California
Language map showing the distribution of Yokuts, Salinan, Chumash, and other western California languages.
The Lord's Prayer in Chukchansi Yokuts.
The Yokuts Language of South Central California
Scanned-in copy of Kroeber's 1907 linguistics text. A little grainy, but complete.
Yowlumni: The Path to Revitalization Preserving a Native Tongue Lessons Bridge Past, Future
Articles about Yowlumni language preservation efforts.
Collection of traditional Yokuts stories with English translation.
Demographic information about Yokuts from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Survey of California Indian Languages: Yokuts:
Profile of the Yokuts languages from the University of California at Berkeley.
Yaudanchi Language Tree Yokutsan Language Tree Valley Yokuts Language Tree
Buena Vista Yokuts Language Tree Palewyami Yokuts Language Tree Wikchamni Language Tree:
Theories about Yokuts' language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Yaudanchi Yokuts Language Structures: Yawelmani Language Structures Wikchamni Language Structures:
Abenaki linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Yokuts Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Collection of Yokuts-language legends and stories for sale online.
Yowlumni Yokuts linguistics book for sale.
In My Own Words
Fascinating collection of legends, oral history, songs, and anecdotes from a Yokuts elder, printed both in English and glossed Yokuts.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Wikipedia: Yokutsan Languages:
Encyclopedia articles on the Yokuts languages.
Information on the Yokuts language in Spanish.
Yokut Tachi Yokut Tribe:
Yokuts Indian books.
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