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Achuar-Shiwiar Indian Language (Ashuar, Maina, Mayna)

Language: The Achuar-Shiwiar-Maina language is a Jivaroan language of South America, closely related to Shuar. Like other Jivaroan languages, Achuar is an agglutinative language with SOV word order. It is spoken by 5000 people in the Achuar and Shiwiar tribes of Peru and Ecuador today.

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Names: Achuar, Shiwiar, and Maina are the indigenous names of three subgroups who speak the same language. ("Achuar" is a shortening of an indigenous name meaning "palm tree people.") Aints, which means "people" in their language, is sometimes used to refer to all three groups, while Achuár chícham (or Achiar chicham) refers specifically to the language. Other spellings of these names include Achuar-Shiwiar, Achuar-Shiviar, Achuár, Ashuar, Achual, Achuale, Achuare, Achuara, Atchuara, Shiwiár, Shiviar, Shiwiar-Maina, Shiwiar Chicham, Máin, Mayna, Mayno, and Áints. As with other Jivaroan tribes, the Achuar language and people are also sometimes called by the general term Jivaro.

Achuar Language
Achuar language samples and resources.

Achuar People Culture and History
Information and links about the Achuar tribe past and present.

Achuar Language Resources

Our Online Achuar Materials

Achuar Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Achuar language, with comparison to words in other Jivaroan languages.
Achuar Pronunciation:
    How to pronounce Achuar Indian words.
Achuar Bird and Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of birds and animals in the Achuar-Shiwiar language.
Achuar Indian Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Achuar language.
Achuar Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Achuar.
Achuar Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Achuar language.
Achuar Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Achuar language.

Achuar Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Introducción al Idioma Achuar:
    Achuar language learning book in Spanish.
The Amazonian Languages:
    In-depth linguistics book about Achuar and dozens of other Amazon Indian languages.

Achuar Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Kapawi: Achuar:
    Audio clips of Achuar phrases.
Kapawi Language and Symbols:
    Words, phrases, and pictographs of the Achuar Indians.
Achuar-Shiwiar Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Achuar language.
Ecuador Achuar Dictionary:
    Online list of Achuar Indian words and phrases.
UDHR: Achuar-Shiwiar: * UDHR: Achuar Chicham:
    Translations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights into the Achuar-Shiviar language.
The Tower of Babel: Achuar-Shiwiar:
    Translation of a Biblical passage into the Achuar-Shiwiar language.
The Bible in Achuar-Shiwiar:
    Translation of the Old and New Testaments into the Achuar-Shiwiar language.
La Lengua Jibaro:
    Information on Achuar and other Jivaroan languages including text samples and linguistic maps of South America.
   (Page in Spanish.)
AILLA: Achuar :
    Archive of Achuar language recordings available for download.
Achuar-Shiwiar Language:
    Demographic information on Achuar from the Ethnologue of Languages.
House of Languages: Achuar
     Information about Achuar language usage.
Jívaro Language Tree:
    Theories about Shuar and Achuar language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Achuar Language Structures:
    Achuar linguistic profile and academic bibliography.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Achuar:
  Bibliography of Achuar language resources.
  Wikipedia: Achuar Shiwiar:
  Encyclopedia articles on the Achuar language.
  El Idioma Achuar: * Lengua Achuar:
  Information about Achuar-Shiviar in Spanish.
  Achuar language links.
  Languages of Ecuador: * Languages of Peru:
  Information about the indigenous languages of Ecuador and Peru.

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