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Amuzgo Language (Nomndaa, Tzañcue)

Language: Amuzgo is an Oto-Manguean language of Mexico, most closely related to Mixtecan. There are three distinct varieties of the language: Guerrero Amuzgo (with two subdialects, Northern Amuzgo and Southern Amuzgo); Ipalapa Amuzgo (also known as Lower Eastern Amuzgo or Santa Maria Amuzgo), and Oaxaca Amuzgo (also known as Upper Eastern Amuzgo or San Pedro Amuzgo.) Some linguists consider all of these to be dialects of a single Amuzgo language, while others consider them separate languages within an Amuzgoan language subfamily. The three Amuzgo varieties are spoken by a combined 28,000 people today. They are tone languages with fairly fusional morphology, and they have primarily VSO word order.

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Names: The name Amuzgo comes from a placename in the Nahuatl (Aztec) language, Amoxco, meaning "moss place" or "water-weed place." (Some Amuzgo people believe it came from the Aztec word amoxtli instead, which means "book.") Although this name came from a different language, it is still often used by Amuzgo people, particularly since different Amuzgo communities use different names to refer to themselves. In Guerrero, most Amuzgos use a variant on the name Ñancue, which means "in-between people." In Oaxaca, the Alto Amuzgo call themselves Tzjon Non, which means "textile people" or "weavers," while many Bajo Amuzgos call themselves by the native placename Tzo'tyio, which means "shrimp river." Many speakers call their own language Ñomndaa or Jñunda, which means "water language." Alternate spellings and dialectical variations of these names include Amusgo, Amishgo, Amucho, Amochco, Azmugo; Ñ'anncue, Nn'ancue, Nn'aancue, Tzañcue, Tsañcue , Nañcue; Tzhonoa, Tzoñ'an; Ñomnda, Nomndaa, Jñunda, Non'ndaa, and Nom'dana. The Amuzgos are sometimes also known as Ñuuñama, which is their name in the language of their Mixtec kinfolk.

Amuzgo Language
Amuzgo language samples and resources.

Amuzgo Culture and History
Information and links about the Amuzgo tribe past and present.

Amuzgo Language Resources

Our Online Amuzgo Materials

Amuzgo Vocabulary:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Guerrero and Oaxaca Amuzgo dialects, with comparison to words
    in other Oto-Manguean languages.
Amuzgo Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Amuzgo words.
Amuzgo Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Number Words:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Amuzgo language.

Amuzgo Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Diccionario Amuzgo-Espanol
     Amuzgo-Spanish dictionary for sale online.
The Mesoamerican Indian Languages
     Linguistics text about Amuzgo and dozens of other Indian languages of Mexico.

Amuzgo Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Amuzgo Language:
    Overview of Amuzgo from the Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Palabras Ñomndaa:
    Video demonstrating the pronunciation of Amuzgo words.
Lengua Amuzgo:
    Information on the Amuzgo language, including a linguistic map of Mexico. Page in Spanish.
Lord's Prayer in Oaxaca Amuzgo:
    Christian prayers translated into Amuzgo.
The New Testament in Amuzgo * Genesis in Amuzgo * Language Museum: Amuzgo de Oaxaca:
    Language Museum: Amuzgo de Guerrero:
    Bible passages in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Stories:
    Four stories in the Guerrero Amuzgo language.
Himno Nacional en Amuzgo:
    The national anthem of Mexico in the Amuzgo language.
Bible Verses in Mexican Languages: Amuzgo de San Pedro:
    Amuzgo translation of several Biblical passages.
Guerrero Amuzgo * Ipalapa Amuzgo * San Pedro Amuzgos:
    Demographic information about the Amuzgo languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
AILLA: Amuzgo:
    Archive of Amuzgo language recordings available for download.
Guerrero Amuzgo Language Tree * Ipalapa Amuzgo Language Tree * Oaxaca Amuzgo Language Tree:
    Theories about Amuzgo's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Amuzgo Language Structures:
    Amuzgo linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Amuzgo del Norte * Amuzgo del Sur * Amuzgo Bajo del Este * Amuzgo Alto del Este:
    Profiles of Amuzgo language dialects.
The Bible in Amuzgo Guerrero: * The Bible in San Pedro Amuzgos:
    Translation of the New Testament into two Amuzgo dialects.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Guerrero Amuzgo:
  Bibliography of Amuzgo language resources.
  Amuzgo Language * Wikipedia: Amuzgo:
  Encyclopedia articles on the Amuzgo language.
  Lengua Nomda'na * Idioma Amuzgo * Area de Lenguaje Amuzgo:
  Information about the Amuzgo language in Spanish.
  Amuzgo Language:
  Amuzgo links.

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