American Indian languages
Arara do Para Indian Language (Araras)
Language: Arara do Para is a Cariban language of South America,
spoken by 100 people in Brazil. Arara is an agglutinating language
with complex verb morphology. Its word order is usually VSO.
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Names: In their own language, the Arara call themselves Ukarãgmã (also spelled and other ways,) which means
"people of the red macaw." Arara is a Portuguese translation meaning "macaw," and Arara do Para
refers specifically to the people of the Pará region where the Ukarãgmã live. They have also sometimes been known as
Opinadkom (probably an early corruption of Ukaragma), Araras Bravos, Ajujure, and
Pariri'. The Apiaka and Apingui were subtribes
that probably spoke dialects of the same language, but have since been absorbed into the Araras.
Alternate spellings of these names include Arára, Arará, Ukarãngmã, Ukarammã, U-kara-ngmã, Wogarangma, Opinadkóm,
Apiacá, Apiaca, Apeiaca, Parirí, Arara do Pará, and Arara of Para.
Arara do Para Words:
Our list of vocabulary words in the Arara do Para language, with comparison to words in other Cariban languages.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Arara language.
Phonological Aspects of Arara:
Academic paper on the linguistics of the Arara language.
La Lengua Arara-Parirí:
Information on the Arara do Para langauge including a linguistic map of Brazil. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Arara Pará
Information about Arara Pará language usage.
Arara do Para Language:
Demographic information on Arara do Para from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Arara Language Tree:
Theories about Arara do Pará's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Arara do Para Phonology:
Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Arara language.
Pará Arára language:
Brief Wikipedia article on the Arara language.
Books For Sale On The Araras
Languages of the Amazon
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In-depth book about Arara and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
American Indian Books:
Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.
The Arara do Para of Brazil:
Online ethnography of the Arara tribe including photographs.
Indigenous Rights: The Arará:
Article on the history and political situation of the Arara tribe.
Brief profile of the Arara tribe from a medical organization.
Tribo Arara Os Arara do Brasil Araras do Pará:
Information about the Arara do Paras in Portuguese.
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