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Aruan Indian Language (Aruã, Aroa)
Language: Aruan is an extinct Arawakan language of South America, once spoken on
Marajo Island in Brazil. It is not related to the Arauan languages of Amazonas, but may have been most similar to
Aruan is a polysynthetic language with
predominantly SVO word order.
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Names: The Aruan language has been known by many different spellings, including Aruán, Arúan, Aruã, Aroã,
Arua, Aroa, Arauan, Araua, Arawa, and Arua. The last three spellings are confusingly similar to the names of entirely unrelated
South American languages-- the Tupian language Aruá, and the Arawan language
Arawa. For this reason the letter "n" is usually
used in spelling the name of this language to distinguish it, even though it was not used by the Portuguese speakers who originally
encountered the Aruan tribe.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Aruan language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Aruan Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Aruan words.
Aruan Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Aruan language.
Worksheet showing color words in the Aruan language.
Aruan Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Aruan language.
Worksheet showing how to count in Aruan.
Aruan Language Resources
Aruán Language Tree:
Theories about Aruan's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
La Lengua Aruá:
Arua language information. Page in Spanish.
Information and photographs about the Aruã and other indigenous people of the Uaçá River.
Books For Sale On The Aruans
Comparative Arawakan Histories: Rethinking Language Family and Culture Area in Amazonia:
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Anthropology book on the Aruan and other Arawakan tribes of the Amazon.
Languages of the Amazon
In-depth book about Aruan and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Encyclopedia article on the Aruan language.
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