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Atruahi Indian Language (Waimiri-Atroari, Kinja)
Language: Atruahi is a Cariban language of South America,
spoken by 350 people in Brazil. Atruahi is an
agglutinative language with complex verb morphology.
Word order is primarily SOV.
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Names: Atruahi, Waimiri, amd Yauaperi are names given to them by neighboring tribes;
non-Native Brazilians often combine the first two names to call them the Waimiri-Atroari tribe. Their own endonym
(that is to say, their name for themselves in their own language) is
Kinja, which means "true people."
Other spellings and names used for the Waimiri-Atroaris include Atruahí, Atroahi, Atroahí, Atroarí,
Atrowari, Atroaí, Aroaqui, Atroahy, Atroa;
Waimira, Uaimiri, Uaimirí, Uaimiris-Atroari, Uaimiry;
Yauapery, Yauaperí, Yawaperi, Yawaperí, Jauaperi, Jawaperi;
Kinya, Ki'nya, Kinã, Kia;
Krishana, Krixana, Crichan, Crichaná, Crichana, Caricuná, Caricuna;
Alalau and Alalaú.
Atruahi language samples and resources.
Waimiri Atroari Culture and History
Information and links about the Atruahi tribe past and present.
Our Online Atruahi Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Atruahi language, with comparison to words in other Cariban languages.
Waimiri-Atroari Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Atroari words.
Atruahi Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Waimiri-Atroari language.
Atruahi Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Atruahi language.
Worksheet showing color words in Atruahi.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Atruahi language.
Books For Sale About Waimiri Atroari
The Amazonian Languages:
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In-depth linguistics book about Waimiri-Atroari and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
Atruahi Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Phrase Structure in Waimiri Atroahi:
Linguistics paper on the Waimiri Atroahi language. PDF format.
A short list of Waimiri Atroari vocabulary, with Portuguese, Spanish and English translations.
Demographic information on Waimiry-Atruahi from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Waimirí Language Tree:
Theories about Atroari-Waimiri's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Lingua Waimiri Atroari Lengua Yawaperí:
Information about the Waimiri-Atroari language in Portuguese and Spanish.
Wikipedia: Cariban Languages:
Encyclopedia article on the Cariban language family, including Atruahi.
Atruahi language links.
Books about the Waimiri and Atroari people.
Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2020 Contacts and FAQ page
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