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Ayoreo Indian Language
Language: Ayoreo is a Zamucoan
language, spoken by nearly 3000 people in Bolivia and Paraguay. It is closely related to the
Zamuco language, which is sometimes
considered to be an Ayoreo dialect.
Ayoreo is a fusional language with
SVO word order.
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Names: The tribal name Ayoreo comes from the word for "person" in their own language; the plural form,
Ayoreode ("people") is also used. They are also known as
Pyta Jovai, Yanaigua, or Tsiragua,
which are their names in the languages of the neighboring Guarani and Tapiete tribes, or as the
Moros, a Spanish name for them.
These names are also spelled many other ways including Ayoré, Ayoréo, Ayoréi, Ayureo, Ayuréo, Avoreo, Ayoweo, Ayoeo;
Ayoréode, Ayoréiode, Ayorédie, Ayo'reode; Pyeta Jovai, Pyeta Yovai, Pyta Jovái; Tsirákua, Tsiricua, Tsirakaua; and Morotoco.
Important band names of the Ayoreos include Guarañoca (or Guarañoka), Poturero, Totobiegosode, and Guidaigosode.
Those names are also sometimes used to refer to their associated dialects of the Ayoreo language.
The Guarañoca dialect is particularly distinct and is considered by some linguists to be a separate language of its own.
Other names which the Ayoreos have been called in older literature, such as Takrat, Coroino, Corazo, and Kursu,
were probably Spanish corruptions of place names.
Ayoreo language samples and resources.
Ayoreo People Culture and History
Information and links about the Ayoreo tribe past and present.
Our Online Ayoreo Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Ayoreo language, with comparison to words in other Zamucoan languages.
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Ayoreo language.
Ayoreo Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Languages of the Amazon:
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Linguistic information about Ayoreo and dozens of other Amazonian languages.
Oe chojninga: Relatos bilingues, ayoreo-castellano:
Book in Spanish about the Ayoreo language.
Ayoreo Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Language Map of the Chaco Map of Bolivia Map of Paraguay:
Language maps of the Gran Chaco region of South America, showing the locations where Ayoreo is spoken.
Ayoreo (Zamuco), a grammatical sketch:
Linguistics paper on the grammar of the Ayoreo language.
Demographic information about Ayoreo from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Ayoreo language.
Ayoreo Language Tree:
Theories about Ayoreo's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Language Museum: Ayoreo:
Translations of Bible passages into Ayoreo.
Information on the Ayoreo language, including linguistic maps of Bolivia and Paraguay. Page in Spanish.
Brief encyclopedia entry on the Ayoreo language.
House of Languages: Ayoreo
Information about Ayoreo language usage.
Ayoreo Language Structures:
Ayoreo linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Ayoreo Glottolog: Ayoreo:
Bibliography of Ayoreo language resources.
Encyclopedia article on the Ayoreo language.
La lengua ayoréo Vocabulario Idioma Ayoreo Idioma de los Ayoreos:
Information about the Ayoreo Indians in Spanish.
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