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Bare Language (Baré, Balé, Barauna)
Language: Bare is an endangered Arawakan language of
South America, still spoken by only a few elders in southwestern Venezuela and northwestern Brazil. Most Bare people have
shifted to speaking Portuguese and/or the Tupi-based trade language
Nhengatu (Lingua Geral) instead.
Bare is a polysynthetic language with
SVO word order.
Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!
Names: Baré, or Balé, is a tribal name from their own language. Some say this is a shortened form of the word for
"friends" or "allies," while others say it derives from the word for "white." Alternate spellings of
this name have included
Bare, Bale, Barré, Barre, and Barrés. The names of Bare subgroups include
Barauna (also spelled Barauana, Barawana or Baraúna),
Ihini (also spelled Ihni, Inhini, Ibini, or Ihini-Bare),
Arihini (also spelled Arihini-Bare), and
Mandahuaca (or Maldavaca)
are also referred to as a Bare subgroup in some literature, but although they do share
many cultural similarities, their languages are distinct. The more general
names Mitua and
Yavita are sometimes used to
refer to the Bare Indians as well as to other neighboring tribes.
Bare language samples and resources.
Bare Culture and History
Information and links about the Bare tribe past and present.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Bare language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Bare Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Bare words in English.
Worksheet showing color words in the Baré language.
Bare Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Baré language.
Bare Language Resources
Indian Peoples of Venezuela:
Maps showing the location where Bare was once spoken on the Venezuela-Brazil border.
For Want of a Word:
Interview with linguist Alexandra Aikhenvald about the Tariana and Bare languages.
Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Bare language.
Information on the Bare language. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Baré
Information about Baré language usage.
Archive of Bare language recordings available for download.
Demographic facts about Bare from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Baré Language Tree:
Theories about Bare's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Baré Language Structures:
Bare linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Books for Sale on the Bares
Comparative Arawakan Histories:
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Anthropology book on the Baré and many other Arawakan tribes of the Amazon.
The Amazonian Languages:
Linguistic information about Bare and dozens of other Amazonian languages.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Bare:
Bibliography of Bare language resources.
Wikipedia: Barawana Language:
Encyclopedia articles on the Baré language.
Los Baré Os Barés:
Information about the Bares in Spanish and Portuguese.
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