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Bidai Indian Language (Biday, Bedias, Patati)

Language: The Bidai Indians were a small tribe of southeastern Texas. They were allies of the Caddo tribes, but may have been more closely related to the Akokisa, an Atakapa band. Two other small tribes of Southeast Texas, the Patati and the Deadose, are often considered Bidai subgroups. The Bidais no longer exist as a separate tribe. They were devastated by an epidemic in the late 1700's, and most of the survivors were eventually absorbed into the Atakapa and Caddo nations. There are few remaining records of the Bidai language (only nine vocabulary words.) The language is thought to have been related to Atakapa.

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Names: Their own name for themselves was Quasmigdo; Bidai was a Caddoan name for their tribe, meaning "brushwood" (in reference to their brush houses.) Alternate spellings of the name Bidai have included Biday, Bedae, Beadeye, Bedias, Bidais, and Baedies.

Bidai Language Materials

Bidai Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words from the Bidai language.

Bidai Culture and History Links

Bidai Indian Tribe History:
    Article on the Bidai tribe from the Handbook of American Indians.
Handbook of Texas: Bidai Indians:
    Information on the Bidai tribe of southeast Texas.
The Bedias Indians:
    Transcript of a short talk on the Bidai Indians.
Bidai Tribe:
    Bidai tribal profile, timeline, and links.

Books for Sale on the Bidais
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The Bidai Indians of southeastern Texas:
    Anthropology text on the Bidai tribe.
The Texas Indians * The Indian Texans:
    Two books about the Native American tribes of Texas that include information on the Bidais.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Wikipedia: Bidais:
Encyclopedia article on the Bidai people and their language.
Bidai Tribe:
Bidai links.

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