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Biloxi Indian Language
Language: Biloxi was a Siouan language spoken in
Mississippi and Alabama. It featured SOV word order.
The Biloxi tribe was decimated by a smallpox epidemic, and the survivors migrated westward and merged with
the Tunica Indians, with whom they share a Louisiana reservation today.
Though the Tunica and Biloxi Indians were friends and allies, their languages were entirely unrelated, and since they were
unable to communicate effectively in their native languages, both tribes shifted to French. The Biloxi language has not been spoken in
more than a century.
Names: Biloxi is the name of the tribe in the language of their Choctaw neighbors.
In their own language, the Biloxi called themselves Taneks or Tanekshaya, meaning "first" or
"first people." Their language was known as Tanekshaya Ade, "first people's language." Other spellings
of these names have included Tanêks, Tanêksa, Taneksa, and Tanêksąyaa.
Biloxi language samples and resources.
Biloxi Nation Culture and History
Information and links about the Biloxi tribe past and present.
Biloxi Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common middle and high school questions about the lifestyle of Biloxi Indian people.
Introduction to the mythology of the Biloxi Indians.
Our Online Biloxi Materials
List of vocabulary words in the Biloxi language, with comparison to words in other Siouan languages.
Biloxi Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Biloxi words.
Biloxi Picture Dictionary:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Biloxi Indian language.
Biloxi Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Biloxi.
Photos demonstrating color words in Biloxi.
Worksheet showing how to count in Biloxi.
Mississippi Language Map: Alabama Language Map:
Tribal maps showing where the Biloxi language was spoken.
Biloxi Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Dictionary Of The Biloxi And Ofo Languages:
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Biloxi dictionary for sale.
Biloxi Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Demographic information about Biloxi from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Wikipedia: Biloxi Tribe:
Encyclopedia article on the Biloxi tribe and their language.
Biloxi Language Tree:
Theories about Biloxi's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Links, References, and Additional Information
La Lengua Biloxi: Langue Biloxi:
Information about the Biloxi language in Spanish and French.
Biloxi link pages.
Biloxi Indian books.
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