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Bogota Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Bogota alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Bogota orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.

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Bogota Vowels

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Bogota pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
e    e Like the e sound in Spanish, similar to the a in gate.
ë    ε Like the e in bet.
i    i Like the i in police.
o    o Like the o in note.
ö     Like the oo in book.
u    u Like the u in flute.

Bogota Nasal Vowels

Nasal vowels don't exist in English, but you may be familiar with them from French (or from hearing people speak English with a French accent.) They are pronounced just like oral ("regular") vowels, only using your nose as well as your mouth. To English speakers, a nasal vowel often sounds like a vowel with a half-pronounced "n" at the end of it. You can hear examples of nasal vowels at the end of the French words "bon" and "Jean," or in the middle of the word "Français."

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol:
a  ã ã
e  ẽ
i  ĩ ĩ
o  õ õ
u  ũ ũ

Bogota Consonants

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Bogota pronunciation:
b  v  b Like b in boy.
ch  č  t Like ch in chair.
d    d Like the d in day.
g  gu  g Like the g in girl.
j  h  h Like h in hay.
k  c, qu  k Like the k in kiss.
l    l Like l in light.
m  mb  mb A nasalized b sound, a little like the one in timber.
n  nd  nd A nasalized d sound, a little like the one in under.
 ng  ŋg Like the ng in finger.
ñ  nj  nd A nasalized j sound, a little like the one in ninja.
r     Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
s    s Like s in sun.
t    t Like the t in tell.
w  gu, hu  w Like w in way.
y  ll, j  d Like j in jar.

Bogota Tones

Bogota is a tone language. Some syllables are pronounced with higher pitch than others. In English, the last syllable of a question is pronounced with high pitch, so you can hear the difference between sentences like "You see a man." and "You see a man?" In Bogota pronunciation, such high and low tones are used in nearly every word, giving the language a lively sound.

There are two tones in Bogota, high tone and low tone. High tones are marked with an acute accent, like this:

a low tone
á high tone

Bogota Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   The Languages of the Andes (Amazon affiliate link)
   Bogota words
   Bogota animals
   Bogota numbers
   Chibchan languages
   Bogota stories

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