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Carutana (sometimes known as "Arara do Amazonas") is an Arawakan language of South America, spoken by 300 people in Brazil. The language was once spoken in Colombia as well, but there are no Carutana speakers remaining in Colombia today. Carutana is very closely related to the Baniwa and Curripaco languages, which are sometimes collectively referred to by linguists as Karu. Another extinct Colombian language, known variously as Iyäine, Kumandene, and Jurupari-Tapuya, may have been a dialect of Carutana or may have been a distinct language-- it is so little-attested that it is impossible to say for sure. (The word "Tapuya" means "foreigners" in the Tupi languages of Colombia and Brazil, so the Tupi names of many different non-Tupi tribes end with that suffix.)
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