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Lower Cowlitz Language (Stl'pulimuhkl)
Lower Cowlitz is a Salishan language of Washington state,
related to Chehalis. The people's original name for themselves
was Stl'pulmsh-- Cowlitz was the name of the river whose banks they lived on. The Upper Cowlitz, whose traditional homelands
are located further up the same river, are a Sahaptin tribe who spoke a dialect of the unrelated
Neither Cowlitz Salish nor Cowlitz Sahaptian are spoken as first languages today, but the Cowlitz tribes are working on reviving
their traditional languages, as well as the Chinook Jargon trade
language that was used extensively in this region.
Our list of vocabulary words in Cowlitz, with comparison to words in other Salishan languages.
Demographic information about the Lower Cowlitz language from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Cowlitz Language Tree:
Theories about Cowlitz's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Coast Salish Comparative Vocabulary:
Early 20th-century wordlists of the Snohomish, Nisqualli, Cowlitz, and other Salishan languages.
Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Official homepage of the Cowlitz tribe.
Curtis' early 20th-century ethnography of the Cowlitz Indians.
Background and History of the Cowlitz Tribe
Article on Cowlitz history and culture.
Collection of Cowlitz Indian legends and folktales.
History of the Cowlitz tribe's interactions with the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Four Directions: Cowlitz:
Timeline and links about Cowlitz history.
Books For Sale On The Cowlitz Tribe
Legends of the Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links
Book of traditional Cowlitz stories for sale online.
A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
Book on the history of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Cowlitz.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Information on the Cowlitz language in Spanish.
Encyclopedia articles on the Cowlitz people and their language.
Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2020 Contacts and FAQ page
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