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Damana Language (Sanja, Sanka, Malayo, Wiwa)
Damana is a Chibchan language of South America,
spoken by around 2000 people in the mountains of northern Colombia. The people call themselves Wiwa or Sanja,
and Damana (or D
um una ) is their name for their language. (Malayo is a name given to them by Spanish-speakers, and
Arsario, Guamaco, and Marocasero are names of Wiwa bands.) The Damana language has complex morphology and SOV word order.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Damana language, with comparison to words in other Chibchan languages.
Damana Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Damana words.
Damana Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Damana language.
Damana Language Resources
Information on the Wiwa or Guamaco language. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Wiwa:
Information about Wiwa language usage.
Demographic information on the Kuna from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Guamaca Language Tree:
Theories about Guamaca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Damana Language Structures:
Damana linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Book on the Damana Indian language for sale online. In Spanish.
Keepers of the World
Article about the Kogui, Arhuaco, and Wiwa Indians and their efforts to protect their sacred mountain home.
CD of traditional Wiwa music for sale online.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Encyclopedia articles on the Wiwa language.
Los indios wiwa El Pueblo Wiwa Los ika y los wiwa:
Information about the Damana or Wiwa tribe in Spanish.
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