Native American languages
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Native Languages of the Americas:
Haida Indian Legends, Myths, and Stories
This is our collection of links to Haida folktales and traditional stories that can be read online.
We have indexed our Native American legends section
by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same
legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to
each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Haidas, the traditional stories of
related tribes like the Tlingit and
Tsimshian tribes are very similar.
Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Haida legend for this page or think one of the ones on here
should be removed, please let us know.
(Xhuuya or Nankil'slas): Raven is the culture hero of the Haida mythology.
He is a revered and benevolent transformer figure who helps the people and shapes their world for them,
but at the same time, he is also a trickster character and many Haida stories about Raven have to do with
his frivolous or poorly thought out behavior causing trouble for him and the people around him.
Xhuuya, Raven's personal name, is pronounced similar to khoo-yah; Nankil'slas, a title meaning "voice handler," is pronounced
similar to nahn-kill-stloss (sometimes spelled Nang Kilstlas, Nankilstlas, Nunkilslas, or Nekilstlas.) Raven is also
occasionally referred to by Haida storytellers as Yaahl (the literal Haida word for "raven," pronounced
similar to "yall") or Wiigit (Raven's name in the neighboring Tsimshian tribe, pronounced wee-git in
Haida.) It is typical of Haida culture for men to acquire several different names in their lifetimes--
especially powerful and distinguished men-- so no Haida people would be confused by Raven's
A spirit woman with curly hair who brings prosperity to anybody who catches sight of her.
Overview of Haida and other Northwest Coast Indian storytelling and myth..
Legends of the Old Massett Haida:
Audio recordings of Haida story-tellers narrating twenty traditional stories.
The Thunderbird Tootooch Legends:
Online collection of Kwakiutl and Haida myths and folktales.
Haida Creation Myth:
Haida legend about the creation of the world.
Haida myth about the flooding of the earth.
The Bear and his Indian Wife Bear Mother:
Haida story about a woman who married a bear.
Origin of the Gnawing Beaver
Haida tale of the Beaver Crest.
The Devil-Fish's Daughter
Haida story about a man who became an octopus ("devilfish.")
Haida myth of a boy who turned into a salmon.
How Raven Brought Light To The World:
Haida Indian myth about the origin of the sun and moon.
The Man Who Married an Eagle:
Haida story about a man who joined the Eagle village.
Eh-Kolie, the Whale:
Haida myth about the trickster Raven's misadventures with a whale.
The Cannibal Who Was Burned:
A resourceful Haida boy defeats a cannibal ogre.
Master-Carpenter And South-East:
A mythical Haida hero's battle with the wind.
The Coming Of The Salmon:
Haida legend of the origin of salmon.
Wolf and the Sea:
Haida legend of the origin of orca (killer whales.)
Collection of Haida epics and sacred songs.
Recommended Books on Haida Mythology
Heroes and Heroines of Tlingit-Haida Legend:
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links
Excellent anthology of Tlingit and Haida legends.
Myths and Legends of Haida Indians of the Northwest:
Another good collection of traditional Haida stories.
Mouse Woman and the Mischief Makers Mouse Woman and the Muddleheads Mouse Woman and the Vanished Princesses :
Lively retellings of three Haida legends about a mouse goddess.
American Indian Trickster Tales:
Compilation of more than a hundred stories about Raven and other Native American tricksters.
(Use discretion sharing these with kids as some of the stories contain adult humor.)
Haida religion and expressive traditions
Indian books of mythology
Alaska Indian tribes
Pacific Northwest Native art
Information on Native Americans
Go back to our Haida homepage
Back to Indian gods and monsters
Learn more about the Northwest Native tribes.
Indian names and meanings
Tribal tattoo designs
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