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Innu Culture and History

Les Innus (French version)

As a complement to our Montagnais and Naskapi language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Innu people and various aspects of their society. The emphasis of these pages is on American Indians as a living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Innu history is interesting and important, but the Innu are still here today, too, and we try to feature modern writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary art as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

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Our Innu Websites

Montagnais Language * Naskapi Language"
    Information and language learning materials from the Innu Indian languages.
Innu Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Innu culture.
Innu Legends:
    Collection of Innu Indian legends and folktales.

Innu Tribal and Community Links

Naskapi/Montagnais/Innu Distinction:
    Explanation of Innu terminology.
Innu Nation/Mamit Innuat:
    Official homepage of the Innu First Nation.
Mamit Innuat:
    Regional political organization representing the Innu First Nation in Quebec. Pages in French.
Natuashish Relocation Project:
    Homepage of the Mushuau (Naskapi) Innu of Labrador.
Naskapi Nation:
    Homepage of the Kawawachikamach Naskapi of Quebec.
Innus de Pessamit:
    Homepage of the Montagnais Innu of Pessamit (Betsiamites.) Page in French.
Montagnais Mashteuiatsh:
    Community page of the Mashteuiatsh Montagnais people.
Betsiamites * Ekuanitshit * Essipit * Mashteuiatsh * Matimekush * Natashquan * Pakua Shipi:
    Uashat Mak Mani-Utenam * Unamen Shipu * Kawawachikamach:
    Government profiles of the ten Innu First Nations of Quebec.
The Labrador Metis Nation * Innu Reaction to the Labrador Metis Nation:
    Organization for Labrador people of mixed Indian, Inuit, and European ancestry, and Innu reactions to them.

Maps of Innu Lands

Location of the Algonquin Groups:
    Map of 17th-century Algonkin and Montagnais Indian territory.
First Nations Map * Location of Amerindian Communities:
    Maps showing the current locations of the eleven First Nations of Quebec.
Innu Place Names:
    Map of Quebec showing traditional Innu, Atikamekw and Cree placenames.
Virtual Museum of New France: Northern Algonquians:
    Historical maps and articles about the Montagnais, Abenaki, Ojibwa, and other northeastern tribes.

Innu Lifestyle and Tradition

The Innu * Innu * Montagnais Innu * Montagnais:
    Overviews of Innu culture and history.
    History of the Innu nation in Canada.
Quebec History: Montagnais Indians * Quebec History: Naskapi * Quebec History: Papinachois:
    Anthropology texts on the Innu tribes.
Algonquians of the Subarctic:
    Ethnography of the Innu, Cree, and Northern Ojibwa.
Montagnais * Innu Profile:
    Montagnais culture and lifestyle in Quebec.
Naskapis * First Peoples: Naskapis * Naskapi Profile:
    Naskapi Innu culture, land and language in Quebec.
Innu History and Culture:
    Articles about the Innu.
Innu Authors:
    Innu writers, their lives and work.
    Mailing list for Innu issues.
The Innu Flag * Mushuau Innu Flag * Matimekush Lac John Flag * Kawawachikamach Nskapi Flag:
    Innu flags.
Montagnais Snowberry Mint Tea:
    Traditional Innu recipes.
Native American Religion:
    Advice for people researching traditional Innu religion and other American Indian spirituality.
Animal Masters and Other Spirits:
    Discussion of Innu spirituality.
The Shaking Tent * The Shaking Tent:
    The Innu tradition of the Shaking Tent.
    Innu scapulamancy (divination by burning a shoulder blade of an animal).
Innu Legends:
    Collection of Innu Indian legends and folktales.
Innu Atumut:
    The Innu hunting dog.
Naskapi Innu Moccasins * Naskapi Innu Mittens * Montagnais Innu Hat * Naskapi Innu Leggings:
    Montagnais Innu Mittens * Naskapi Innu Coat * First Nations Headdresses * First Nations Clothing:
    Traditional Naskapi and Montagnais Innu clothing.
Montagnais Artifacts * Naskapi Artifacts:
    Online exhibit of Innu artifacts from the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
Montagnais Innu Drum * Innu Indian Rattle * Naskapi Innu Bullroarer * Montagnais Moose Call:
    Traditional Innu musical instruments.
Naskapi Ring & Pin Game * Montagnais Ring & Pin Game * Innu Top * Innu String Puzzle:
    Naskapi Ball & Racket * Montagnais Ball * Innu Ring & Pin Game * Innu Ring & Pin:
    Innu toys and games.

Innu Literature and Arts

Kashtin * Kashtin * Innu * Akua Tuta:
    Folk-rock Innu band Kashtin and their recordings.
Innu Nation Literature:
    This site confuses the Innu with the Inuit, but has some useful information including an Innu song.
First Nations Art:
    Information, photographs and links about Innu and other native art.

Innu Politics, Issues, and News

The Montagnais * The Naskapis:
    Articles about contemporary Montagnais and Naskapi life, from Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
Mushuau Innu * People Of The Barrens * The Mushuau Innu's Move to Natuashish:
    Mushuau Innu relocation efforts.
Gasoline Sniffers:
    Substance abuse in Innu communities.
Do Canadians Prefer Native Culture in Museums?:
    Low-level flight testing over Innu lands.

Innu History Links

Montagnais History:
    Tribal history of the Atikamekw, Naskapi, and Montagnais Innu.
Innu History:
    The Innu Indians from prehistoric times until now.
History of the Innu Nation:
    Overview of Innu history, with a map.
Assimilation of the Innu:
    Interview with two Montagnais Innu men about cultural loss.
    Oral history of an Innu woman's childhood, family, and people.
Native American Genealogy:
    Direction for those seeking Innu and other American Indian ancestors.
Groupe de recherche sur l'Histoire:
    Historical articles on the Innu and other indigenous peoples, in French.
Four Directions: Innu:
    Timeline and links related to Innu history.

Books for sale on the Innu
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

It's Like the Legend:
    Innu women's voices.
Dictionnaire Montagnais-Français:
    Montagnais-French dictionary by Lynn Drapeau.
A Way of Life That Does Not Exist:
    Book probing Innu relationships with the Canadian state.
Canada's Tibet: The Killing of the Innu:
    Documentary of human rights abuses in Canada.
    The Innu struggle to reclaim their homeland.
To Please The Caribou:
    Art book display of painted caribou-skin coats of the Innu, Cree, and Atikameks of Quebec and Labrador.
Native American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

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Links, References, and Additional Resources

   Native Americans: Innu * Montagnais Innu * Montagnais Tribe * Innus:
   Montagnais Innu and Atikamekw links.
   Wikipedia: Innu * Montagnais and Naskapi * Montagnais and Naskapi Innu * Naskapi:
   Encyclopedia articles about the Naskapi and Montagnais Indians.
   Montagnais * Innus:
   Information about the Montagnais Innu people in French.
   Naskapis * Les Naskapis:
   Information about the Naskapi Innu people in French.
   Los Montagnais: * Los Innu * Los Naskapi * Los Montagnais:
   Information about the Innu tribe in Spanish.

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