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Native American Tribes of Ontario

This is an index to the Native American language and cultural information on our website pertaining to Ontario Indian tribes. Some pages contain more information than others. If you belong to an indigenous tribe from Ontario that is not currently listed on this page and you would like to see it here, please contact us about how to contribute information to our site.

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Did you know the name "Ontario" is an Iroquoian Indian word? It comes from a Mohawk name meaning "beautiful lake." The Mohawks were not the only native people to live in this region, however.

The original inhabitants of the area that is now Ontario included:

The Algonquin
The Cree
The Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) tribes
The Huron
The Mississauga
The Nipissing
The Ojibwe
The Oji-Cree
The Ottawa
The Saulteaux
The Neutral and Petun tribes

The Munsee Delaware people were not originally native to Ontario, but migrated there after the Americans forced them out of their own homelands. Their descendants still live in Ontario today.

Federally recognized First Nations in Ontario today include:

Akwesasne Mohawk Nation
PO Box 579
Cornwall, Ontario K6H 5T3

Alderville First Nation (Ojibwe)
PO Box 4
Roseneath, Ontario K0K 2X0

Algonquins of Golden Lake/Pikwàkanagàn
1657A Mishomis Inamo
Golden Lake, Ontario K0J 1X0

Beausoleil First Nation (Ojibwe)
Cedar Point Post Office
Via - Penetanguisshene, Ontario L0K 1P0

Chapleau Cree First Nation
PO Box 400
Chapleau, Ontario P0M 1K0

Curve Lake First Nation (Ojibwe)
Curve Lake Post Office
Curve Lake, Ontario K0L 1R0

Ketegaunseebee Garden River First Nation (Ojibwe)
RR #4, P.O., Site 5 Box 7
Garden River, Ontario P6A 5K9

Michipicoten First Nation (Ojibwe)
Site 8, RR #1, Box 1
Wawa, Ontario P0S 1K0

Moose Cree First Nation
PO Box 190
Moose Factory, Ontario P0L 1W0

New Credit First Nation (Ojibwe)
RR #6
Hagersville, Ontario N0A 1H0

Pic River First Nation (Ojibwe)
General Delivery
Heron Bay, Ontario P0T 1R0

Six Nations of the Grand River Territory (Iroquois)
P.O. Box 5000
Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0

Tyendinaga Mohawk Nation/Bay of Quinte Mohawks
RR #1
Deseronto, Ontario K0K 1X0

Walpole Island/Bkejwanong First Nation (Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi)
RR #3
Wallaceburg, ON N8A 4K9

Wikwemikong First Nation (Ojibwe and Ottawa)
PO Box 112
Wikwemikong, Ontario P0P 2J0

Other Aboriginal communities of Ontario include:

Metis Nation of Ontario
500 Old St. Patrick St, Unit D
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9G4

Recommended books about Ontario Native Americans:
(Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links)

*Aboriginal Ontario: Historical Perspectives on the First Nations: Essays on the historical experiences of the Native Americans of Ontario.
*Cultures and Ecologies: Book on First Nations fishing rights and conflicts in Ontario.
*Native Chiefs of Ontario: Biographies of Ojibway and Cree leaders.

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Other resources about American Indian history, culture and society in Ontario province:

Anishinabek Nation: Coalition of Ontario First Nations.
Nishnawbe Aski Nation: Coalition of Cree and Ojibway bands in Ontario.
Keewaytinook Okimakanak: Coalition of Ojibwe and Cree First Nations of Ontario.
Aboriginal Place Names of Ontario: Map labeled with traditional Ontario Native names and their meanings.

Back to the index of American Indian tribes
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Back to American Indians for kids

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