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Native Languages of the Americas:
Osage Indian Legends

This is our collection of links to Osage folktales and traditional stories that can be read online. We have indexed our Native American stories section by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Osages, the traditional stories of related tribes like the Omaha and Kansa tribes are very similar.

Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Osage legend for this page or think one of the ones on here should be removed, please let us know.

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Important Osage Mythological Figures

Wakonda: The great Creator God of the Osage tribe. Wakonda is an abstract, omnipresent spirit who is never personified in traditional Osage legends, and in fact did not even have a gender before the introduction of English with its gender-specific pronouns.

Itsike (also spelled Icike, Itsinke, Ichinke, and other ways): The trickster figure of the Osage and other Dhegiha tribes. He is less important to Osage mythology than to the neighboring Omaha and Ponca people, and some of his stories are told with Coyote as the protagonist instead by Osage storytellers.

Wild People: Fairy-like little people of Osage folklore.

Honga: Earth spirits of Osage folklore.

Osage Indian Folklore

*Children of the Sun:
    Osage legend about the creation of the earth.
*The Fatal Swing:
    Osage legend about a wicked mother-in-law.
*The Spider and the People:
    Story about how the spider came to be an Osage symbol.
*Wisdom of the Willow Tree:
    Osage legend about a young man learning wisdom.

Recommended Books on Osage Mythology
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Hold Up The Sky:
    Anthology of legends from the Osage and other Southern Plains tribes.

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Additional Resources

 Osage religion and expressive traditions
 Osage Indians
 Osage language
 Native Indian religion
 Oklahoma Native Americans
 Tribes of the Plains
 Sioux language
 List of American Indian tribe names



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