American Indian languages
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Popoluca is a Mixe-Zoquean language of Mexico,
spoken by more than 30,000 people in the state of Veracruz. Actually there are four Popoluca languages, which are not
mutually intelligible: Sierra (Serrano) and Texistepec Popoluca are more closely related to Zoque, and Oluta and Sayula
Popoluca are more closely related to Mixe. Texistepec and Oluta are seriously endangered languages with primarily
elderly speakers remaining, but Sayula and Sierra Populuca are still being learned by children in Veracruz today.
Oluta Popoluca Sayula Popoluca Sierra Popoluca Texistepec Popoluca
Our lists of vocabulary words in Popoluca languages, with comparison to words in other Mixe-Zoque languages.
Popoluca de Sayula
Vocabulary and grammatical notes on Sayula Popoluca. Page in Spanish.
Popoluca Oluta Orthography Popoluca Sayula Orthography Popoluca Oluta Phonology Popoluca Sayula Grammar Popoluca Oluta Grammar
Popoluca Indian Map:
Scanned-in Popoluca language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Chart of indigenous Popoluca and Zoque place names in Mexico.
Highland Popoluca Sayula Popoluca Texistepec Popoluca Oluta Popoluca
Demographic information about the Popoluca languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Soteapaneko Language Tree Teksistepekenyo Language Tree Sayulteco Language Tree Oluteko Language Tree:
Theories about Popoluca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Sierra Popoluca Language Structures Sayultec Language Structures Olutec Language Structures:
Popoluca linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
Article about Popoluca culture and history.
Sayula Popoluca Texts
Book of Popoluca traditional stories for sale online, in Popoluca with English translation. (Amazon affiliate link)
Additional Resources, Links, and References
Lengua Oluteko Lengua Sayulteko Popoluca Serrano Popoluca de Texistepec
Articles on the Popoluca languages in Spanish.
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