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Pueblo Indian Languages

According to their oral histories, the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Arizona all share a common ancestry, descending from the ancient Anasazi civilization.

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Unlike other confederacies of related Indian peoples such as the Iroquois or Wabanaki, however, the Pueblo people are linguistically diverse, speaking languages from four unrelated language families: the Acoma, Cochiti, Laguna, San Felipe, Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, and Zia Pueblos speak Keresan languages; the Isleta, Jemez, Nambe, Picuris, Pojoaque, Sandia, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Clara, Taos, Tesuque, and Tigua/Ysleta del Sur Pueblos speak Kiowa-Tanoan languages; the Zuni speak their own language which is not known to be related to any other; and the Hopi, furthest west, speak a Uto-Aztecan language distantly related to Nahuatl.

Our Pueblo Language Resources

The six Pueblo Indian languages are:

The Hopi language

The Keres language

The Tewa language

The Tiwa language

The Towa/Jemez language

The Zuñi language

Pueblo Language Links

Pueblo Languages
     Overview of the Pueblo languages from the Encyclopedia of North American Indians.
Pueblo Placenames:
     Southwestern place names in Tewa, Tiwa, Jemez, Keres, and Zuni.
Keresan Pueblo Indian Sign Language:
     Paper on a signed language of the Keres Indian pueblos.
Pueblo Languages:
     Encyclopedia articles about the Pueblo Indian languages.
  Pueblo Tribes:
Pueblo Indian books.

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