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Spokane/Kalispel/Flathead Salish Language

Spokane, Kalispel (Pend d'Oreille), and Flathead (Salish proper) are three Salishan languages of the northwestern United States, so closely related to each other that most linguists consider them dialects of a single Salish language. There are around 200 speakers of the three Salish dialects on reservations in Montana and Washington state. Most speakers are elders now, especially among the Spokane, but some younger Salish people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.

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Salish Language
Salish language samples and resources.

Flathead Salish Culture and History
Information and links about the Flathead Salish tribe past and present.

Kalispel Culture and History
Information and links about the Kalispel/Pend d'Oreille tribe past and present.

Spokane Culture and History
Information and links about the Spokane tribe past and present.

Salish Legends
Introduction to Salish mythology.

Salish Language Resources

Our Online Salish Materials

Salish Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Spokane, Kalispel, and Flathead Salish languages, with comparison to words in other Salishan languages.

Salish Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Kalispel Language
     Scanned-in images from a Kalispel dictionary, grammar, and texts.
Lord's Prayer in Kalispel * Language Museum: Flathead-Kalispel:
    Christian prayers translated into the Salish language.
Salish Placenames:
     Pacific Northwest place names in Spokane, Lushootseed, Shuswap, Straits Salish, Bella Coola, and Coeur d'Alene.
Kalispel-Pend D'oreille Language * Spokane Language
     Demographic information about the Spokane/Flathead Salish language from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Flathead Language Tree * Spokane Language Tree:
    Theories about Spokane and Flathead Salish language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Kalispel Language Structures * Spokane Language Structures:
    Salish linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
*Salishan Comparative Vocabularies:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of Flathead, Spokan, Kalispel, and other Salishan languages.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Wikipedia: Kalispel–Pend d'Oreille:
  Encyclopedia articles on the Montana Salish language.
  Lengua Flathead-Kalispel * Lengua Spokane
  Information on the Salish language in Spanish.
  Salish Language:
  Salish links.

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