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Saponi Tribe

The Saponi Indians were a small Siouan tribe of Virginia, allies of the Tutelo tribe. Their language was never well recorded, but was clearly closely related to Tutelo and may have been a dialect of the same language. After colonization, the Saponis were devastated by European diseases and warfare, and merged together with other tribes. There is still a Saponi tribe in Virginia today, although some of their tribal members descend from tribes other than the original Saponi tribe. By the same token, there are also Saponi descendants in other tribal communities of Virginia, particularly the Monacan and Tuscarora tribes.

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Saponi Language Links

Tutelo Language:
    Our resources about the Tutelo-Saponi language.
Tutelo-Saponi Language Tree:
    Theories about Saponi language relationships compiled by Linguist List.

Saponi Culture and History Links

Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe * Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation:
     Official homepages of two state-recognized Saponi tribes of North Carolina.
Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School:
    Homepage of the Haliwa Saponi tribe's school.
Saponi Tribe History:
    Article on the Saponi tribe from the Handbook of American Indians.
Carolina Indians: Saponi:
    Information about the historical Saponi tribe of North Carolina.
Haliwa-Saponi Tribal History:
    Overview of the Haliwa Saponi tribe's history from the past until today.
NC-Pedia: Saponi Indians:
    Information about the Saponi presence in North Carolina.
North Carolina Map:
    Tribal map showing the location of the Saponi and other North Carolina peoples.
Searching for Saponi Town
     Site about Saponi and other Eastern Siouan genealogy, also with historical articles.
Haliwa Saponi Dancers
     Photographs from a Saponi pow-wow in North Carolina.
Haliwa-Saponi Authors:
    Saponi writers, their lives and work.
Tribe continues quest for spot on the map:
    News article about the Haliwa-Saponi tribe's quest for federal recognition.
Virginia Indian History
     Collection of interesting materials on the Monacan, Tutelo, and Saponi Indians.
Saponi Surnames:
    List of historical Tutelo and Saponi Indian surnames.
    Wikipedia article on the Saponi Indians.
Four Directions: Saponi:
    Timeline and links about Saponi history.

Books for sale on the Saponi Indians
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Minor Vocabularies of Tutelo and Saponi
     Saponi dictionary for sale.
American Indians in North Carolina:
    Book on the history and culture of North Carolina tribes, including a chapter on the Haliwa-Saponi.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Grupos Siouan de Virginia:
Information about the Saponis and other Virginia Siouan tribes in Spanish.
Saponi Tribe:
Saponi links page.

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