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Tutelo/Saponi Indian Language
Tutelo was a Siouan language of Virginia.
The last fluent speaker died in the 1990's, and few Tutelos remember anything of the old language today. However, some Tutelo people
are trying to revive their ancestral language for cultural purposes. The Saponi language has been extinct much longer, but it is thought to
have been a dialect of Tutelo, both from the similarity in vocabulary and from historical accounts indicating that people from the two tribes could
understand each other without an interpreter. The main difference is that the Saponi dialect appears to have borrowed a number of vocabulary
words from southern Algonquian languages like Powhatan and a few from
African languages (the Saponi Indians were known for sheltering African slaves).
Our list of vocabulary words in the Tutelo language, with comparison to words in other Siouan languages.
Language Museum: Tutelo-Saponi
Text of a prayer in the Saponi Indian language, with English translation.
Demographic information about the Tutelo-Saponi language.
Tutelo-Saponi Language Tree:
Theories about Tutelo-Saponi's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Tutelo-Saponi Language Structures:
Tutelo-Saponi linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Minor Vocabularies of Tutelo and Saponi
Tutelo/Saponi dictionary for sale.
The Tutelo Language
Tutelo language book for sale.
Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe
Official homepage of the state-recognized Haliwa Saponi tribe of North Carolina.
Tutelo Indian History Saponi Indian History
Excerpt from James Mooney's "Siouan Tribes of the East" covering the history of the Tutelo and Saponi Indians.
Virginia Indian Map Maryland Indian Map West Virginia Indian Map North Carolina Indian Map:
Tribal maps showing the original lands of the Tutelo and Saponi Indians and their neighbors.
Searching for Saponi Town
Site about Saponi and other Eastern Siouan genealogy, also with historical articles.
Haliwa Saponi Dancers
Photographs from a Saponi pow-wow in North Carolina.
Saponi writers, their lives and work.
Virginia Indian History
Collection of interesting materials on the Monacan, Saponi, and Tutelo Indians.
Four Directions: Tutelo:
Timeline and links about Tutelo history.
Books for sale on the Tutelos and Saponis
Tutelo Spirit Adoption Ceremony
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links
Book for sale on the traditional spirituality of the Tutelo Indians.
Additional Resources, Links, and References
Information about the Tutelo-Saponi language in Spanish.
Tutelo and Saponi links.
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