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Native American Tribes of Washington

Welcome to our Washington State Facts section, part of an educational project designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states. Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history of each Washington tribe, or scroll below the map for Washington Indian activities including a wordsearch, fact sheets, and words from the Native American languages of Washington. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!

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American Indians in Washington

The original inhabitants of the area that is now Washington included:

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*The Cayuse tribe
*The Chehalis tribe
*The Chinook tribe
*The Colville and Okanagan tribes
*The Coeur d'Alene tribe
*The Cowlitz tribe
*The Kalispel and Spokane Salish
*The Klallam tribe
*The Kwalhioqua tribe
*The Lummi and Samich tribes
*The Makah tribe
*The Nez Perce tribe
*The Nooksack tribe
*The Quileute, Hoh and Chemakum tribes
*The Quinault tribe
*The Skokomish tribe
*The Thompson Salish tribe
*The Umatilla tribe
*The Walla Walla and Palouse tribes
*The Wasco and Wishram
*The Yakima tribe
*The Puget Sound Salish tribes including the Puyallup, Snohomish, Muckleshoot, Snoqualmie, Nisqually, Skagit, Suquamish, Squaxin, Swinomish, Stillaguamish, and Sauk-Suiattle tribes.

There are 29 federally recognized Indian tribes in Washington today.

Here are the addresses of Washington's Indian reservations:

*Chehalis Tribe:
PO Box 536
Oakville, WA 98568

*Colville Confederated Tribes
PO Box 150
Nespelem, WA 99155

*Cowlitz Tribe
1055 9th Ave, Suite B
Longview, WA 98632

*Elwha S'Klallam Tribe:
2851 Lower Elwha Rd
Port Angeles, WA 98362

*Hoh Tribe:
HC 80, PO Box 917
Forks, WA 98331

*Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe:
1033 Old Blyn Hwy
Sequim, WA 98382

*Kalispel Tribe:
PO Box 39
Usk, WA 99180

*Lummi Nation:
2616 Kwina Rd
Bellingham, WA 98226

*Makah Indian Tribe:
PO Box 115
Neah Bay, WA 98357

*Muckleshoot Tribe:
39015 172nd St., SE
Auburn, WA 98002

*Nisqually Indian Community:
4820 She-Na-Num Dr., SE
Olympia, WA 98503

*Nooksack Tribe:
PO Box 157
Deming, WA 98244

*Port Gamble Indian Community (S'Klallam):
31912 Little Boston Rd., NE
Kingston, WA 98346

*Puyallup Tribe:
2002 East 28th St
Tacoma, WA 98404

*Quileute Tribe:
PO Box 279
LaPush, WA 98350

*Quinault Tribe:
PO Box 189
Taholah, WA 98587

*Samish Tribe:
PO Box 217
Anacortes, WA 98221

*Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe:
5318 Chief Brown Lane
Darrington, WA 98241

*Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe (Chinookan):
2373 Old Tokeland Rd
Tokeland, WA 98590

*Skokomish Tribe:
N. 80 Tribal Center Rd
Shelton, WA 98584

*Snoqualmie Tribe:
PO Box 280
Carnation, WA 98014

*Spokane Tribe:
PO Box 100
Wellpinit, WA 99040

*Squaxin Island Tribe:
SE 70 Squaxin Lane
Shelton, WA 98584

*Stillaguamish Tribe:
PO Box 277
Arlington, WA 98223

*Suquamish Tribe:
PO Box 498
Suquamish, WA 98392

*Swinomish Indian Tribe:
PO Box 817
LaConner, WA 98257

*Tulalip Tribes (Puget Sound Salish):
6700 Totem Beach Rd
Marysville, WA 98270

*Upper Skagit Tribe:
2284 Community Plaza
Sedro Woolley, WA 98284

*Yakama Indian Nation:
PO Box 151
Toppenish, WA 98948

Teaching and learning activities about Washington Indians:

Feel free to print these out to use at school!

*Washington Tribes Word Search: Printable puzzle hiding the names of Washington's Indian tribes.
*Washington Language Greetings: Learn to say "hello" in several Native Washington languages.
*Washington Native Animals: Learn the Native American names of Washington animals.
*Washington Indian Facts for Kids: Answers to frequently asked questions about the tribes of Washington.
    We currently have pages for the Coeur d'Alene, Nez Perc√©, Chinook, Quileute, Makah, Okanagan, and Yakima tribes.

Recommended books about Washington Native Americans
(Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links)

*Washington Indians:
   Simple book introducing Washington's Native American history and culture to kids.
*Encyclopedia of Washington Indians:
   Thorough reference book about the Native American tribes of Washington.
*Ethnic Relations and Indian Identities around Puget Sound :
   Interesting book on Washington's Native Americans maintaining their culture.
*Native Seattle: Histories from the Crossing-Over Place:
   Book about Washington Native American history.
*Northwest Coast Native Art of Western Washington:
   Illustrated book of Washington Indian art.
*Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest:
   Stories from the Native American tribes of coastal Washington and Oregon.

Other resources about American Indian history, culture and society in Washington state:

*Washington Office of Indian Affairs:
   Washington state government page with administrative information and a map of Washington reservation land.
*Washington Reservations:
   Extensive profiles of the Washington Indian tribes including culture, history, and contacts.
*American Indians of the Pacific Northwest:
   Online exhibit of Northwest Coast Indian art and culture from the University of Washington.

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