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Abipon Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Abipon alphabet page! The Abipon language has not been spoken for nearly two centuries, and the linguistic records regarding its pronunciation are older and somewhat inexact. However, considering the phonology of related languages like Mocovi and the spelling system used by the Spanish speakers who recorded it, here are some good guesses for how these words should be pronounced:

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Abipon Vowels

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Abipon pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
aa  a:  a: Like the a in father, only held longer.
e    e Like the e sound in Spanish, similar to the a in gate.
ee  e:  e: Like the a in gate, only held longer.
i  y  i Like the i in police.
ii  i:  i: Like the i in police, only held longer.
o    o Like the o in note.
oo  o:  o: Like the o in note, only held longer.
y  i  i Like the i in police.
ai    aj Probably like the word eye.
au     Probably like the au in caught.

Abipon Consonants

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Abipon pronunciation:
c  k, ch  k ~ t Unfortunately this letter is sometimes used in the old manuscripts to represent either ch in chair and k as in sky.
ch  c, č  t Like ch in chair.
d    d Like the d in day.
g  G, R   ~ Probably like the raspy g in Spanish saguaro or the guttural French "r."
h  j  h Like h in hay.
j  h  h Like h in hay.
k  c, qu  k Like the soft k in sky.
l    l Like l in light.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
ñ  ny  ny Like Spanish ñ, somewhat like ny in canyon.
p    p Like the soft p in spy.
r     Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
s  z, c  s Like the s in sun.
sh  š, x   Like the sh in shell.
t    t Like the soft t in star.
w  hu  w Like w in way.
y    j Like y in yes.
    A pause sound, like the one in the middle of the word "uh-oh."

Abipon Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   Abipon words
   Guaicuruan languages
   Paraguay Indians
   Argentina Indians
   Wikipedia: Abipón

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