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Chitonahua Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Chitonahua alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Chitonahua orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.

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Chitonahua Vowels

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Chitonahua pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
e  i, ï, y  i This sound does not exist in English. It sounds like the i in police only pronounced further back in the mouth. If you've ever heard a Slavic language like Russian or Polish being spoken, it is the same "dark i" sound from those languages.
i    i Like the i in police.
o  o  o Like the o in note.

Chitonahua Nasal Vowels

Nasal vowels don't exist in English, but you may be familiar with them from French (or from hearing people speak English with a French accent.) They are pronounced just like oral ("regular") vowels, only using your nose as well as your mouth. To English speakers, a nasal vowel often sounds like a vowel with a half-pronounced "n" at the end of it. You can hear examples of nasal vowels at the end of the French words "bon" and "Jean," or in the middle of the word "Français."

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol:
an  ã ã
en  ẽ ĩ
in  ĩ ĩ
on  õ õ

Chitonahua Consonants

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Chitonahua pronunciation:
b    b Like b in boy.
ch  č  t Like ch in chair.
d    d Like d in day.
f    φ ~ β A bilabial fricative, like an English "f" or "v" sound but pronounced without touching the upper teeth to the lower lip. The Spanish "v" and the Japanese "f" sound like this Chitonahua sound.
k  c, qu  k Like k in key.
l    l Like the l in light.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
p    p Like the p in pie.
s    s Like s in sun.
sh  š, x   Like sh in shell.
t    t Like t in tie.
ts  tz  ts Like ts in cats.
x  shr  ʂ This sound does not exist in English or Spanish. It is a retroflex s sound like the sz of Polish.
w    w Like w in way.
y    j Like y in yes.
 , ?   A pause sound, like the one in the middle of the word "uh-oh."

Chitonahua Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   Chitonawa words
   Panoan languages

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