The macaw is one of several animals with a name that comes from a Native American language.
It comes from the Brazilian Portuguese word "macau," which the Portuguese speakers corrupted
from a longer Tupi word.
Macaws are not native to North America except for the southern part of Mexico, but they became important to
Southwestern Native American culture nonetheless. Native American tribes maintained extensive
trade networks with one another, so that abalone shells from the West Coast and macaw
feathers from southern Mexico were both found in the regalia of Plains Indian tribes many hundreds
of miles from their source. In the case of macaws, however, not only their feathers were brought to
distant lands, but living birds as well. Parrots and macaws were popular pets in the ancient Anasazi civilization,
and they were one of the earliest and most popular luxury goods brought by Mexican Indian traders.
Some Southwest Indian tribes, such as the O'odham, raised macaws in captivity, and pre-Columbian
macaw breeding buildings have been found in northern Mexico as well.
The Zunis see the macaw as a directional guardian, associated with the south, and some Pueblo tribes
consider macaws a symbol of summertime and fertility.
Macaws are also used as clan animals in some Native American cultures. Tribes with
Macaw Clans include the Zuni tribe.