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Neutral Indian Tribe (Attawanderons, Neutrals)

Language: The Neutral Indians were a loose confederation of Indian bands of what is now Ontario and New York State. Their English name referred to their peaceful coexistence with both the Huron and Iroquois confederacies, despite the fact that those tribes were at war with one another. The Neutrals do not exist as a distinct tribe today. Their peace with the Iroquois broke down in the late 1600's and the Neutral villages were destroyed, with most of the survivors joining the Erie, Huron, or Iroquois tribes. Most Neutral descendants live among the Wyandot, Mohawk, and Seneca nations today. Few records remain of their language, but it was likely an Iroquoian language like Huron.

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Names: The Neutrals have also been known by the French name Neutre and the Huron name Attawanderon (or Attiwanderon.) If they had a name for their own confederation, it was never recorded; they generally referred to themselves by their individual band names, of which the most important are the Chonnonton and the Niagara.

Neutrals Language Links

Neutral Language Tree:
    Theories about Neutral language relationships compiled by Linguist List.

Neutrals Culture and History Links

The Neutrals:
    Tribal history of the Neutral Indians.
Neutrals Tribe History:
    Article on the Neutral tribe from the Indian Tribes of North America.
The Neutral Nation of Indians:
    Overview of Neutral Indian history in Ontario.
Aboriginals in Niagara:
    Information about the Onguiaahra (Niagara) band of the Neutrals.
Chonnonton (Neutral):
    Information about the Chonnonton band of the Neutrals.
Wikipedia: Neutral Nation: * Britannica: Neutral Native American People:
    Encyclopedia articles on the Neutral Confederacy.
Four Directions: Neutrals:
    Timeline and links about Neutrals history.

Books for sale on the Neutrals Indians
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The Ordeal of the Longhouse: The Peoples of the Iroquois League in the Era of European Colonization:
    A good historical overview of the Iroquoian tribes, including the Neutrals, Petuns, and Eries.
Eighteenth-Century Wyandot: A Clan-Based Study:
    Interesting book on the clan system and lifeways of the Huron, Petun, Neutral, and Wenro tribes.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Neutrals Tribe:
Neutrals links page.

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