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Yawanawa Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Yawanawa alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Yawanawa orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.

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Yawanawa Vowels

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Yawanawa pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
e  i, ï, y  i This sound does not exist in English. It sounds like the i in police only pronounced further back in the mouth. If you've ever heard a Slavic language like Russian or Polish being spoken, it is the same "dark i" sound from those languages.
i    i Like the i in police.
u  o   ~ o Like the u in put or the o in note.

Yawanawa Nasal Vowels

Nasal vowels don't exist in English, but you may be familiar with them from French (or from hearing people speak English with a French accent.) They are pronounced just like oral ("regular") vowels, only using your nose as well as your mouth. To English speakers, a nasal vowel often sounds like a vowel with a half-pronounced "n" at the end of it. You can hear examples of nasal vowels at the end of the French words "bon" and "Jean," or in the middle of the word "Français."

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol:
an  ã ã
ën  ẽ ĩ
in  ĩ ĩ
un  ũ õ

Yawanawa Consonants

Character
We Use:
Sometimes
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Yawanawa pronunciation:
ch  č  t Like ch in chair.
h  j  h Like h in hay.
k  c, qu  k Like k in key.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
p    p Like the p in pie.
r     Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
s    s Like s in sun.
t    t Like t in tie.
ts  tz  ts Like ts in cats.
v  b  β Like the bilabial v in Spanish navidad.
w  hu  w Like w in way.
x  sh, shr   ~ ʂ Like sh in shell or the retroflex sz of Polish.
y    j Like y in yes.

Yawanawa Indian Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   Yahuanahua words
   The Pano-Tacanans

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