Native American languages
Native American cultures
Native American crafts
Mountain Chief was a Blackfoot leader of the 19th century. He belonged to the
Kainai or Blood tribe of the Blackfoot Confederacy.
His Blackfoot name was Ninna-stako (also spelled Ninastoko, Nina-istako, Ninaa-iistako, Ninaiistako, and other ways),
and was a reference to the name of an important mountain in the traditional territory of his band. There is some historical
confusion between two Blood chiefs of the same name-- as was common in Plains Indian tribes, the younger man
had simply inherited his father's name after his death. The better-known of the two Mountain Chiefs was the younger one,
born in 1848, who had previously gone by the name Big Brave. (It was typical of Plains Indian men to have more than
one name in their lifetimes.) Mountain Chief lived a long life, dying in 1942 on the Blood Indian Reserve.
Books about Mountain Chief
Blackfeet and Buffalo: Memories of Life Among the Indians:
Collection of Blackfoot oral histories including several about Mountain Chief.
Mountain Chief Resources
Here are some links to online information about Mountain Chief:
Mountain Chief (Ninastoko), last hereditary chief of the Blackfoot tribe
Mountain Chief of the Blackfoot
Mountain Chief photograph
Mountain Chief Biography
And here are our webpages about the Blackfoot tribe and language:
Great Plains culture
Back to our Native American Indian encyclopedia
Would you like to help support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages?
Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2016 Contacts and FAQ page