Native American languages
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The Coahuiltecan Indians were a network of loosely affiliated Indian bands of Texas and Mexico.
Their languages are poorly attested, but there appear to have been several different Coahuiltecan languages spoken
by bands in different regions, including Comecrudo, Cotoname, and the language originally recorded as
"Coahuiltecan" or "Coahuilteco." This language-- sometimes called "Coahuiltecan proper" to avoid confusion
with languages spoken by different Coahuiltecan bands-- is generally considered to be a language isolate,
although some linguists have tried to link it to other Coahuiltecan languages or to the broader Hokan
The Coahuiltecans do not exist as a distinct tribe today. After colonization they
merged into Hispanic communities in southern Texas and northern Mexico, where most of
their descendants live today.
Theories about Coahuiltecan's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Wikipedia: Coahuiltecan languages:
Encyclopedia article about the Coahuiltecan Indian languages.
Who Were The Coahuiltecans?:
In-depth article on Coahuiltecan history, with pictures.
The Texas Coahuiltecan Indian Groups:
Overview of the Coahuiltecan presence in Texas, including a tribal map.
Article on the Coahuiltecan tribes from the Texas State Historical Association.
Coahuiltecan Tribe History:
Article on the Coahuiltecan tribe from the Handbook of American Indians.
Encyclopedia article on the Coahuiltecan Indians.
Four Directions: Coahuiltecan:
Timeline and links about Coahuiltecan history.
Comparative Hokan-Coahuiltecan Studies:
Linguistics book about the Hokan and Coahuiltecan languages.
Indian Tribes of the Lower Mississippi Valley:
Book on the history of the tribes of Texas, including a section on the Coahuiltecans.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Information about the Coahuiltecans and their language in Spanish.
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