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Chief Grey Lock

The English name "Chief Grey Lock" may have actually been referring to two different Abenaki leaders. The first Grey Lock, although a chief of the Missisquoi Abenakis in Vermont, was said to have taken part in King Philip's War, which took place during the 1670's, and may have been a Wampanoag refugee who later became a leader of the Abenakis. His name was given as "Wabantep" in one source, which resembles the words for "white head" in both the Abenaki and Wampanoag languages. Later, in the 1720's, a Missisquoi war leader also known as Grey Lock fought a series of successful battles against Massachusetts colonists. This warrior's personal name was given as Wawenorrawot or Wawanolewat, which resemble Abenaki words meaning "fools the enemy." It is possible that these descriptions referred to the same chief under two different names, since Algonquian men, especially warriors, frequently adopted new names as they accomplished new deeds. However, it seems unlikely that an already gray-haired leader in the 1670's would still be actively leading war parties 50 years later. More likely the second chief was the son or even grandson of the first one, and the appellation "Grey Lock" was given to him by the English in approximation of an English-style last name, since it had been his father's name.

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Grey Lock Resources

Here are links related to Chief Grey Lock:
 Greylock, Great Chief of the Abenaki
 Grey Lock's War
 The Legend of Chief Grey Lock
 Grey-Lock Biography
 Wikipedia: Grey Lock

Here are links related to the Missisquoi/Abenaki tribes:
 Vermont Abenaki language
 Wampanoag language
 Missisquoi tribe
 Grey Lock and the Abenakis
 Wampanoag tribe
 Abenaki legends
 Eastern Woodland cultures
 Algonquian of the Eastern Woodlands

Further Reading

Here are a few good books about the Abenakis:
 The Western Abenakis of Vermont
 The Original Vermonters
 The Language of Basket Making



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