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W˘winak: See Penobscot

"W˘winak" is the name of one of the bands or subgroups of the Penobscot tribe, located in what is now Maine. The name W˘winak (also spelled Wowinak, Wawinak, or Wawenock) means "round island" in the Penobscot language. The W˘winak people were hard-hit by European diseases and merged into other Wabanaki groups of Maine, where their descendants still live today.

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Here are links to our webpages about the W˘winak tribe and language:

 Penobscot-Abenaki language
 Penobscot tribe
 Penobscot culture
 Penobscot stories
 Eastern Woodland Indians

Here are a few good books about the Wowinaks and other Abenaki-Penobscot bands of Maine:
 Norumbega Reconsidered: Mawooshen and the Wawenoc Diaspora
 Twelve Thousand Years: American Indians in Maine
 The Language of Basket Making

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