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Jumano Indian Tribe

The Jumano Indians were a network of loosely affiliated Puebloan bands of west Texas and Mexico. Their languages are poorly attested, but may have been Kiowa-Tanoan; there appear to have been several different Jumano languages spoken by bands in different regions. The Jumanos do not exist as a distinct tribe today. After colonization they merged into neighboring tribes such as the Apache, Pueblo, and Wichita tribes. Other people of Jumano descent live among Hispanic communities in southwest Texas and northern Mexico.

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Jumano Language Links

Suma-Jumano Language Tree:
    Theories about Jumano language relationships compiled by Linguist List.

Jumano Culture and History Links

Who Were The Jumano?:
    In-depth article on Jumano history, with pictures.
The Jumano Indians of Texas:
    Overview of the Jumano presence in Texas, including a tribal map.
Jumano Indians:
    Article on the Jumano tribes from the Texas State Historical Association.
Jumano Tribe History:
    Article on the Jumano tribe from the Indian Tribes of North America.
Jumanos:
    Wikipedia article on the Jumano Indians.
Four Directions: Jumano:
    Timeline and links about Jumano history.

Books for sale on the Jumano Indians

The Jumanos: Hunters and Traders of the South Plains:
    In-depth book about the history and culture of the Jumano Indians.
Jumano and Patarabueye:
    Anthropology book about the Jumano and other tribes of Texas and Mexico.
The Jumano Indians In Texas:
    Classic ethnography of the Jumano tribe.
Gran Quivira: Excavations In A 17th Century Jumano Pueblo:
    Book about a Jumano archaeological site.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Jumano Tribe:
Jumano links page.
Los Jumano:
Information about the Jumanos and their language in Spanish.



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