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Karankawa Indian Language
Karankawa is an extinct language of the East Texas coast.
Karankawa is generally considered a language isolate (a language unrelated to any other known language), though some linguists have tried
to link it to the Coahuiltecan, Hokan,
or even Carib language families.
Since few records of the language remain and those records contain many discrepancies, this question will probably never be answered
conclusively. The Karankawa language has not been spoken since the 1850's.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Karankawa language.
Karankawa Language Tree:
Theories about Karankawa's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Karankawa Language Structures:
Karankawa linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
The Karankawa Indians
Overview of Karankawa history, with different records of European interactions with the Karankawas.
Texas Indian Maps:
Tribal map showing the original territory of the Karankawa Indians and their neighbors.
Article on Karankawa history and culture from the Handbook of Texas Online.
Karankawa Indian Tribe
History and genealogy of the Karankawa Indians.
Written In Smoke
Article on the Karankawa tribe and their little-known culture.
Essay on the Karankawas of Texas.
The Coastal Indians of Texas:
Data on the history of the Atakapa and Karankawa tribes.
Wikipedia article on the Karankawa tribe.
Four Directions: Karankawan Tribes:
Timeline and links about Karankawa history.
The Karankawa Indians of Texas
Historical study of the Karankawas with an emphasis on their ecological niche.
The Karankawa Indians: The Coast People Of Texas
Gatschet's classic ethnography of the Karankawa tribe.
The Karankawa of Texas
Book for kids on the Karankawa Indian culture.
The Conquest of the Karankawas and the Tonkawas
History book on the American domination of the Karankawa tribe.
Additional Resources, Links, and References
Information about the Karankawa language in Spanish.
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