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Native American Crayfish Mythology

Crayfish, also known as crawfish, do not play a prominent role in the folklore of most Native American tribes. Like other small animals and insects, they sometimes appear in legends to symbolize meekness and humility. In Osage mythology, however, Crayfish is a much more important figure who plays the role of Earthdiver, the small but brave creature who retrieves mud from the bottom of the primordial ocean so that the earth can be created.

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Crayfish are also used as clan animals in some Native American cultures. Tribes with Crayfish Clans include the Choctaw and the Osage.

Native American Legends About Crayfish

*The Adventures of Raccoon:
    A series of Potawatomi tales about Raccoon, including one in which he tricks the crayfish.

Recommended Books of Crayfish Stories from Native American Myth and Legend
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Native American Animal Stories:
    Great collection of American Indian tales about animals, told by Abenaki storyteller Joseph Bruchac.

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