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Moronahua Pronunciation and Spelling Guide

Welcome to our Moronahua alphabet page! The following charts show the pronunciation for the Moronawa orthography we have used on our site, as well as some alternate spellings that you may find in other books and websites.

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Moronahua Vowels

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Moronahua pronunciation:
a    a Like the a in father.
e  i, ï, y  i This sound does not exist in English. It sounds like the i in police only pronounced further back in the mouth. If you've ever heard a Slavic language like Russian or Polish being spoken, it is the same "dark i" sound from those languages.
i    i Like the i in police.
o  o  o Like the o in note.

Moronahua Nasal Vowels

Nasal vowels don't exist in English, but you may be familiar with them from French (or from hearing people speak English with a French accent.) They are pronounced just like oral ("regular") vowels, only using your nose as well as your mouth. To English speakers, a nasal vowel often sounds like a vowel with a half-pronounced "n" at the end of it. You can hear examples of nasal vowels at the end of the French words "bon" and "Jean," or in the middle of the word "Français."

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol:
an  ã ã
en  ẽ ĩ
in  ĩ ĩ
on  õ õ

Moronahua Consonants

We Use:
Also Used:
IPA symbol: Moronahua pronunciation:
ch  č  t Like ch in chair.
k  c, qu  k Like k sound in English key.
m    m Like m in moon.
n    n Like n in night.
p    p Like the p in pie.
r     Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
s    s Like s in sun.
sh  š, x   Like sh in shell.
t    t Like t in tie.
ts  tz  ts Like ts in cats.
v  b, f  β Like the bilabial v in Spanish navidad.
w    w Like w in way.
x  shr  ʂ This sound does not exist in English or Spanish. It is a retroflex s sound like the sz of Polish.
y    y Like y in yes.

Moronawa Pronunciation and Vocabulary Resources

   Moronahua words
   Panoan languages

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