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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Nahuatl (Aztec) Words

Welcome to our Nahuatl vocabulary page! Nahuatl, also known as Aztec, is a Uto-Aztecan language, related to other languages like Hopi and Shoshone. We have included twenty basic Nahuatl words here, enough to provide a basic comparison with related American Indian languages. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many indigenous languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

You can find a broader selection of Nahuatl Indian words in our online picture glossaries. If you would like to know a word that is not included in any of these wordlists, you can take part in our translation of Native American languages fundraiser or visit our main Nahuatl language site for more free resources.

Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!

Nahuatl Word Set

(Click here for Nahuatl pronunciation guide)

English (Français) Nahuatl words
One (Un) Ce
Two (Deux) Ome'
Three (Trois) Yeyi
Four (Quatre) Nahui
Five (Cinq) Macuil
Man (Homme) Tlacatl
Woman (Femme) Cihuatl
Sun (Soleil) Tonaltzintli
Moon (Lune) Metztli
Water (Eau) Atl

Click here to see Nahuatl words compared to words in related Uto-Aztecan languages: Uto-Aztecan Indian Words

Nahuatl Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Nahuatl word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Nahuatl animal words
*Nahuatl body parts
*Nahuatl color words
*Nahuatl number words

Additional Resources

   Mexican languages
   Indian mythology
   Native Indian names
   Aztecan languages



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