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Legendary Native American Figures: Odzihozo (Ojihozo)

Name: Odzihozo
Tribal affiliation: Abenaki
Alternate spellings: Ojihozo, Oodzee-hozo
Pronunciation: ood-zee-hoh-zoh
Type: Transformer

Odzihozo is a mythological being who created himself from nothing and formed Lake Champlain and its surrounding landscape. The name Odzihozo literally means "he makes himself from something unknown or unspecified" (often translated as "man created from nothing" or "man who made himself from something.")

Odzihozo is sometimes confused with the Abenaki culture hero Gluskabe (Glooskap). Indeed, some folklorists believe they are one and the same. However, this is unlikely. For one thing, Abenaki elders have said that this is incorrect. Also, stories have been recorded that feature Gluskabe and Odzihozo interacting with each other. And finally, the two characters have very different features-- unlike Gluskabe, Odzihozo has no legs (moving around the country by crawling), does not interact with humans or animals of the mythic age, does not have a grandmother or any other family, does not play a trickster role, and ends his adventures by turning into a rock.

Odzihozo Stories

*Odzihozo the Great Transformer:
    The legend of Odzihozo, with a picture of the rock island he became.
    The story of Odzihozo in Abenaki with English translation.
*Ojihozo and Klosgab:
    Legends about the two Abenaki beings Odzihozo and Glooscap.

Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends

Giants of the Dawnland:
    Good collection of Wabanaki legends told by a Penobscot Indian author.
Seven Eyes, Seven Legs:
    Another good book of myths and folktales, told and illustrated by an Abenaki author.
Algonquian Spirit:
    Rich anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Mi'kmaq and other Algonquian tribes.

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Additional Resources

 Voice of the Dawn
 Abenaki myths
 Abenaki language
 Abenaki words
 Vermont language
 The Eastern Woodlands cultures

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