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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Onondaga Words

Welcome to our Onondaga vocabulary page! Onondaga is an Iroquoian language, related to other languages like Mohawk and Seneca. We have included twenty basic Onondaga words here, enough to provide a simple comparison with related American Indian languages. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many indigenous languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

You can find a broader selection of Onondaga Indian words in our online picture glossaries. If you would like to know a word that is not included in any of these wordlists, you can take part in our Native American words fundraiser or visit our main Onondaga site for more free resources.

Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!

Onondaga Word Set

(Click here for Onondaga pronunciation guide)

English (Français) Onondaga words
One (Un) Sgá:dah
Two (Deux) Dégnih
Three (Trois) Áhsęh
Four (Quatre) Gayí:h
Five (Cinq) Hwíks
Man (Homme) Hę:gweh
Woman (Femme) Gųnų:gweh
Dog (Chien) Jí:hah
Sun (Soleil) Gáähgwa:'
Moon (Lune) Ęhní'da'
Water (Eau) Ohnéganos
White (Blanc) Owähé'sda'
Yellow (Jaune) Ojí'tgwa:'
Red (Rouge) Otgwęhda:'
Black (Noir) Oshwę'da'
Eat (Manger) Iheks
See (Voir) Hagęha'
Hear (Entendre) Hathų:de'
Sing (Chanter) Hodę:no:da'

Click here to see Onondaga vocabulary words compared to words in related Iroquoian languages: Iroquoian Indian Words

Onondaga Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Onondaga word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Onondaga animal words
*Onondaga body parts
*Onondaga color words

Additional Resources

   New York tribes
   American Indian myths
   Native American names
   Iroquoian languages



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