Tiwanaku was the name of one of the major pre-Columbian civilizations of the southern Andes, spanning territory in Peru, Bolivia, and
Chile. It is also the name of an archaeological site in Bolivia where one of their main cities was located.
The Tiwanaku people are believed to have been speakers of the old Puquina
language, which is now extinct. The Tiwanaku civilization was no longer in existence by the time of European colonization.
Archaeologists believe the Tiwanaku empire dissolved around 1000 AD, probably due to drought and famine devastating their large
population centers. Tiwanaku survivors probably dispersed into other Andean communities, and there are likely people of Tiwanaku
descent among the Aymara and
Quechua people today.
Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!
Names: The origin of the name Tiwanaku is uncertain. It was probably a name for the people that has been passed down
from a language that is no longer spoken. It is also spelled other ways such as Tiahuanaco, Tiahuanacu, Tihuanacu, and Tihuanacu.
The Tiwanaku city site is also known as Taypikala, which means "central stone" in the Aymara language.