American Indian languages
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Umpqua Indian Language (Upper Umpqua, Etnemitane)
Umpqua was an Athabascan language once spoken on
the Oregon coast. Unfortunately there have been no Umpqua speakers for at least fifty years, and few remnants of the
language have survived. This language is often referred to as "Upper Umpqua" by anthropologists, to distinguish it from
Siuslaw, which they call "Lower Umpqua." The "upper"
and "lower" do not refer to any features of the languages, which are entirely unrelated (Siuslaw is a
Penutian language)--Umpqua is the native name of the
river both tribes live on, and the Athabaskan speakers simply live upriver from the Siuslaw speakers.
Umpqua Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Upper Umpqua Language Tree:
Theories about Upper Umpqua's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians
Official homepage of the Oregon Umpqua tribe.
Confederated Tribes of The Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians
Official homepage of this combined tribe of Oregon.
Pacific Northwest Language Domains:
Language map of Upper Umpqua and other Northwest Coast languages of Washington, Oregon and California.
West Coast Athabaskans
Brief history of the Kwalhioqua, Umpqua, and other Oregon Athabascan tribes from the University of Oregon.
Collection of Umpqua mythology and traditional stories.
Oregon Indian Tribes
Fact sheet about the Umpqua and other Oregon Indian tribes.
Article on Umpqua interactions with the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Four Directions: Umpqua Four Directions: Coosan tribes:
Timelines and links about Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw history.
Coquelle Thompson, Athabaskan Witness
Biography of an Upper Umpqua man for sale online.
A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
History of the Northwest Coast tribes, including sections on the Cow Creek Umpqua and Upper Umpqua.
Additional Resources, Links, and References
Information about the Upper Umpqua language in Spanish.
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