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Wasco-Wishram Indian Language (Upper Chinook, Kiksht, Clackamas)

Wasco-Wishram is a Chinookan language, considered by most linguists to be part of the Penutian family of languages. It is spoken fluently today by only a handful of Wasco and Wishram elders, but some young people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.

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Wasco-Wishram Language
Wasco-Wishram language samples and resources.

Wasco Culture and History
Information and links about the Wasco tribe past and present.

Wishram Culture and History
Information and links about the Wishram tribe past and present.

Wasco Legends
Introduction to Wasco mythology.

Wishram Legends
Introduction to Wishram mythology.

Wasco-Wishram Language Resources

Our Online Wasco-Wishram Materials

Wishram Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Wasco-Wishram language, with comparison to words in other Penutian languages.

Wasco-Wishram Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Wishram Texts:
    Online version of Edward Sapir's collection of traditional Wishram stories, with English translation.
Languages of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation
     Audio files of the spoken Kiksht and Tenino languages.
Chinook Placenames:
     Chart of place names in Chinook and Wasco-Wishram.
House of Languages: Wasco-Wishram:
    Information about Wasco-Wishram language usage.
     Demographic information about Wasco-Wishram from the Ethnologue of Languages.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Lengua Alto Chinook:
Information on the Upper Chinook and Wasco-Wishram languages in Spanish.
Wasco-Wishram links.
  Wasco-Wishram Tribes:
Wasco-Wishram Indian books.

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