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Ch'ol Indian Language (Chol Mayan)
There are two Ch'ol languages, Tila and Tumbala. They are Mayan
languages of Mexico. Some linguists consider them distinct languages, but most consider them dialects of a single Ch'ol language.
Tila and Tumbala Ch'ol speakers can usually understand each other fairly well.
They are spoken by a combined 120,000 people in Chiapas, Mexico.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Ch'ol language, with comparison to words in other Mayan languages.
Ch'ol Maya Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Ch'ol words.
Ch'ol Maya Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Ch'ol language.
Ch'ol Maya Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Ch'ol.
Ch'ol Maya Colors:
Worksheet showing color words in the Chol language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Ch'ol Maya language.
Ch'ol Language Resources
Map of Meso-American Tribes
Map showing the areas in Guatemala where Chol is spoken.
Online Spanish-Ch'ol vocabulary file. PDF format.
Profile of the Ch'ol language including a phonological inventory, orthography and a text.
Ch'ol de Sabanilla Prayers:
Ch'ol translation of the Lord's Prayer.
Information on the Ch'ol language, including a linguistic map of Mexico. Page in Spanish.
Brief encyclopedia entry on the Ch'ol language.
Tumbala Ch'ol Tila Ch'ol:
Demographic information about Ch'ol from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Ch'ol Language Tree:
Theories about Chol's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Chol Language Structures:
Ch'ol linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Diccionario Ch'ol de Tumbalá, Chiapas:
Spanish-Ch'ol dictionary for sale online.
Encyclopedia articles on the Ch'ol Indians.
Whose Land Is It?:
News article about the Chol Indian struggle for sovereignty in modern Mexico.
Four Creations: An Epic Story of the Chiapas Mayas:
Collection of legends of the Tzotzil and Ch'oles for sale online.
Riverine Maya: The Torquegua and other Chols of the Lower Motagua Valley:
Anthropology book on the Chol Mayas of Mexico.
Notes on the Ethnology of the Ch'ols:
Another anthropology text specifically about the Ch'ol Mayas.
The Ancient Maya:
Excellent historical overview of ancient Mayan civilization in general.
Evolving list of books about Mayas and Native Americans in general.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Chol:
Bibliography of Chol language resources.
Los Choles: Pueblo Ch'ol:
Information about the Ch'oles in Spanish.
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