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Ch'ol Indian Language (Chol Mayan)
There are two Ch'ol languages, Tila and Tumbala. They are Mayan
languages of Mexico. Some linguists consider them distinct languages, but most consider them dialects of a single Ch'ol language.
Tila and Tumbala Ch'ol speakers can usually understand each other fairly well.
They are spoken by a combined 120,000 people in Chiapas, Mexico.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Ch'ol language, with comparison to words in other Mayan languages.
Ch'ol Maya Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Ch'ol words.
Ch'ol Maya Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Ch'ol language.
Ch'ol Maya Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Ch'ol.
Ch'ol Maya Colors:
Worksheet showing color words in the Chol language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Ch'ol Maya language.
Ch'ol Language Resources
Online Spanish-Ch'ol vocabulary file. PDF format.
Ch'ol de Sabanilla Prayers:
Ch'ol translation of the Lord's Prayer.
Information on the Ch'ol language, including a linguistic map of Mexico. Page in Spanish.
Brief encyclopedia entry on the Ch'ol language.
Tumbala Ch'ol Tila Ch'ol:
Demographic information about Ch'ol from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Ch'ol Language Tree:
Theories about Chol's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Chol Language Structures:
Ch'ol linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Diccionario Ch'ol de Tumbalá, Chiapas:
Spanish-Ch'ol dictionary for sale online.
Encyclopedia articles on the Ch'ol Indians.
Whose Land Is It?:
News article about the Chol Indian struggle for sovereignty in modern Mexico.
Four Creations: An Epic Story of the Chiapas Mayas:
Collection of legends of the Tzotzil and Ch'oles for sale online.
Riverine Maya: The Torquegua and other Chols of the Lower Motagua Valley:
Anthropology book on the Chol Mayas of Mexico.
Notes on the Ethnology of the Ch'ols:
Another anthropology text specifically about the Ch'ol Mayas.
The Ancient Maya:
Excellent historical overview of ancient Mayan civilization in general.
Evolving list of books about Mayas and Native Americans in general.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Information about the Ch'oles in Spanish.
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