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Clackamas Indian Language (Clackama)

The Clackamas Indians are a small tribe of Oregon, relatives of the Chinook Indians and speakers of an Upper Chinook (Wasco-Wishram) dialect. Like many other West Coast Indian tribes, the Clackamas people were relocated to the Grand Ronde Reservation in Oregon during the 1800's, where they were merged with other native peoples and their languages rapidly vanished. The Clackamas language is no longer spoken today, but today the tribe is working to revive the old Chinook Jargon trade language, which played an important role in the shared history of several of the Grand Ronde tribes.

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Clackamas Language Links

MultiTree: Clackamas Dialect:
    Theories about Clackamas's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Wasco-Wishram Language:
    Our resources about the Upper Chinook language (including Clackamas.)
Chinook Wawa:
    Our resources about the Chinook Jargon trade language.

Clackamas Culture and History Links

The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde:
    Homepage of the Grand Ronde Tribes, where most Clackamas people live today.
Clackamas Tribe History:
    Article on the Clackamas tribe from the Handbook of American Indians.
The Clackamas People:
    Ethnographic information and a legend from the Clackamas Indians.
Clackamas Indians:
    Wikipedia article on the Clackamas tribe.
Four Directions: Clackamas:
    Timeline and links about Clackamas history.

Books for sale on the Clackamas Indians
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
    Book on the history of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Clackamas.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Grupo Chinookan: Clackamas:
Information about the Clackamas and their language in Spanish.
Clackamas Tribe:
Clackamas links pages.

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